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那怕老态龙钟时,也愿保持一颗天真的心。

 
 
 

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高考真题中出现频率最高英语词组独家总结(一)  

2012-03-04 19:17:42|  分类: 英语学习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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真题中出现频率最高高考英语词组独家总结

   1 be delayed through an accident 由于事故而耽误

      We decided to delay our holiday until next month.
我们决定将休假延至下个月。

   四个均含“推迟”、“延期”、“延缓”的意思的动词。
delay 指“暂时阻挠或阻挡, 稍后可再继续进行”, 如:
The steamer was delayed by bad weather.
汽轮因天气不佳而延期。
defer指“决定延期至适当时期, 而且有意向将来一定继续作”, 如:
Payment has been deferred until next week.付款已延期到下星期。
postpone是正式用语, 语义较强, 指“有意识地延至将来某一特定时间”, 在多数情况下, 后面说明改在何时进行, 如:
The meeting has been postponed to Friday.会议推迟到星期五举行。
put off与postpone大致同义, 但较通俗口语化, 如:
Let's put this off till some other time.
我们还是把这搁一搁, 以后再说吧。


 2 be accompanied by 附有;伴随

an accompanying letter附函
He -nied his friend to the film.他陪他的朋友去看电影。


 3 according to (后面不接view,opinion…);   in my opinion
 4 collect accounts收账; open an account  开账户;  keep accounts  记账 ;  account for说明;  give a full account of  做一个完整的说明;  on account of=because of 因为 
 5 accuse sb. of… 控告某人; charge sb. with sth. 起诉某人; Blame sb. for sth. 责备某人
 6 be accustomed to sth.( to doing sth.)=be used to sth.(to doing sth.)习惯于干某事
 7 have some acquaintance with  熟悉;熟知
 8 come (run) across    (偶然)碰到    get sth. across  使人理解;领会
 9 act as充当,担任       act out 表演(对话、故事);    act on(upon)  对。。。起作用
 10 catch sb. in the act of doing sth.  抓住某人干某事;    take action    采取行动 

 11 abandon oneself  to  sth.  完全屈从于(某种感情或冲动)
 12 have a (the )ability to do sth. ( have the ability in doing sth.)有能力做某事
 13 to the best of one's ability  尽力
 14 be about to do when…                正准备做某事突然。。。
 15 above all 首先,最重要;   in all  总计  after all   毕竟; 终究
 16 at home and abroad      在国内外        go abroad  出国
 17 in sb.'s absence 不在时     in the absence of (人)不在时    be absent from  缺席
 18 be absorbed in  全神贯注于
 19 access to     接近;进入
 20 by accident 偶然         by chance        by mistake 由于错误
 21 be active in 在。。。积极 take an active part in 积极参加lead an active life过着积极的生活
 22 adapt oneself  to 使自己适应 adapt sth. to 使某物适应  adapt from 根据。。。改写(改编)
 23 add in 包括; 加进去  add to  增加;加强    add… to 把。。。加到。。。上  
  add up to  合加起来
 24 be addicted to sth.( doing sth. ) 嗜好。。。的;上了。。。瘾的
 25 in addtion/  in addtion  to  此外
 26 deliver an address to 向。。发表演讲 giving a closing address 致闭幕词 an address of welcome 欢迎词
 27 admit  to sth.( doing sth.) 承认       
 28 in advance=beforehand    提前
 29 be of great (no ) advantage to 对。。。大大有利(毫无裨益)    gain(have) an advantage over优于;胜过; take advantage of sb. 利用某人;欺骗某人
 30 put an advertisement  登广告      
  31 ask  for sb.'s advice  征求某人的建议 give sb. advice on how to do sth. 就如何干某事提出忠告
  32 advise sb. on sth. 就某事对某人提出忠告;advise sb. against( doing) sth.劝某人不干某事
  33 be afraid of   害怕;担心   be afraid to do   不敢做某事
  34 be after 寻求;追求        
  35 be against one's proposal 反对(意见 go against nature违背自然stand against the wall 靠墙而立
  36 at the age of   在。。。岁时;    be under age   未成年
  37 agree with sb.( what 从句 ); agree with the climate/饮食对气候等的适应  
  agree to +advice/suggestion/ idea/proposal …   agree on (upon) 。。。就。。达成一致意见
  38 ahead of ( time)   在。。。前面   go ahead    继续;前进
  39 aid sb. in sth./aid sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事   in aid of 支持 ;give sb. first aid对某人实施急救    
  40 aim at   瞄准    
  41 on the air(用无线电、电视)播送    in the air 在空中;  by air 乘飞机;  put on (give oneself) airs 摆架子
  42 all along 一直;始终    all over the country(world)遍及全国(世界) all alone  单独;独自地    all but  几乎;差一点
  43 allow sb. to do sth.   允许某人做某事  allow doing sth.   允许做某事
  44 let alone  更不用说        There is not enough room for us,let alone six dogs.
  45 get along (on) with   在。。。方面有进展   take along with  随身携带
  46 not only…but also   
  47 make an analysis of 分析 
  48 in the ancient time 在古代
  49 and so on/and so forth 等等
  50  be angry about sth.对某事生气   be angry at sth.因某事生气  
  be be angry with sb.生某人的气
  51 annoy sb. with sth./annoy sb. by doing sth. 因。。。使某人生气;52 one after another 相继
  53 answer for 对。。。负责  answer sb.'s call  回电话    make  no answer 不作回答
  54 be anxious about ( for) 为。。。担心       be anxious to do 渴望(急于)做某事
  55 apologize to sb. for sth./ make an apology to sb. for sth  因某事向某人道歉
  56 in appearance 外貌上  make one's appearance 登台  by/from all appearances 显然
  57 apply…to… 将。。应用于   apply for 申请  apply to 适应于     apply oneself to  专心致志于  ; apply to sb. for sth. 向某人申请某物
  58 appoint sb. to a post  派某人任某职;  appoint a time for the meeting 约定开会时间
  59 approach to 接近     make an approach to 对。。。进行探讨 
  60 approve of  赞同
  61 argue with/against sb. about/on sth. 与某人辩论某事;argue sb. into doing 说服某人做某事
  62 arm in arm  肩并肩   hand in hand  手拉手 ;  shoulder to shoulder  肩并肩 take sth. in one's arms抱           be armed to the teeth 全副武装
  63 arrange for 安排;准备            arrange with sb. about sth.    与某人商定某事
  make an arrangement( arrangements) for… 做好准备;安排
  64 as a whole 作为总体   on the whole 总体上  
  65 as…as one can 尽力;尽可能
  66 as to/with regard to  至于;说到   
  67 be ashamed at sth. 为某事感到羞愧be ashamed for   为某人感到羞愧   
  68 ask for sth.  请求  ask sb. for sth. 向某人索取某物      ask sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事
  69 every aspect of=all the aspects of  各个方面
  70 assist sb. with sth./assist sb. in doing sth./assist sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事
  71 associate..with…   把。。。和。。联系起来 ; in association with … 与。。。联手
  72 be astonished( surprised) at (the news) 对。。感到惊奇   
  73 at the latest  最迟
  74 e attached to 附属于。。。;依恋;  attach sth. to…  把。。贴上 把。。系在。。。上
  75 attempt/try to do sth.(make an attempt to do sth.) 企图做。。。;attempt at sth. 试图获得
  76 attend on/to sb.  照看/护理某人; attend to  关心;照料
  77 attract/capture/catch/draw/get one's attention 吸引某人注意
  hold one's attention on 将注意力集中于      devote one's attention to 专心于
  turn one's attention to 将注意力转向    pay attention to 注意
  78 one's attitude towards… 某人的态度对。
  79 on (the ) average按平均; above( below) average 平均以上(下)
  80 be aware of   意识到,觉察 
  81 back and forth  来回地(屋内)      
  82 at the back of sb./at sb.'s back 支持某人;at the back of  在。。。后
  lie on one's back  朝天躺着  
  83 go from bad to worse 每况愈下    
  84 go bad(wrong/hungry) 变腐  
  85 keep(lose) balance 保持(失去)平衡 ;
  be in the balance   悬而未决   
  86 ban( prohibit) sb.from doing sth. 禁止某人做某事
  be under a ban被禁止    
  87 base sth. on/upon sth. 以。。。为基础; be based on 基于
  on…basis=on the basis of   以。。。为根据; 在。。。基础上
  88 battle against 向。。。开战;     battle with 与。。。搏斗;   battle for为。。。而战
  89 because of + 名词(代词、 what 从句)
  90 make the bed 整理床铺;in bed/on the bed   在床上
  91 beg sb. to do sth.恳求某人干某事;  beg for sth. 请求得到  beg sth. of sb.恳求某人某事
  92 begin with  从。。。开始     
  93 on behalf of   代表 ; on sb.'s behalf 以某人的名义
  94 believe in 信赖     
  95 belong to (无被动语态) 属于
  96 beyond recognition认不出来   beyond belief 难以置信  
  beyond description 无法用言语表达      beyond sb.   对某人来说难以理解
  97 by birth 在血统上       at birth 诞生;出生    give birth to 生(产)
  98 bit by bit 一点点地   do one's bit 尽一点(份)    quite a bit  相当多 
  比较: not  a bit  一点也不     not a little  很,非常
  99  be black and blue  遍体鳞伤   
100 bear the blame 受过lay/ put the blame on/upon sb. for sth. 把责任推到某人身上 

101 turn a blind eye to 熟视无睹     
  102 blow away 刮走    blow down 吹倒; blow off 吹掉   blow out 吹灭   blow up 爆炸  
  103on board 在船(火车/飞机)上   go on board  上船(火车/飞机)  
  104 be in the same boat 同舟共济
  105 keep body and soul together  维持生命(活)  
  106 book (check ) in  办理登记手续
  107 borrow sth.from sb.   从。。。借到某物 ;   lend sth. to sb.   把。。。借出
  108 bother about 打扰   have bother( difficulty/trouble/danger) in doing sth. 干。。。有麻烦
  109 from the bottom of one's heart  由衷地 ;  from top to bottom  从上到下
  110 break down 出毛病  break  away from 脱离  break in 打断; break into 破门而入
  break out爆发   break the law 违法  break off突然停止  break through突围   have/take a break      
  111 hold one's breath 憋住气  lose one's breath 上气不接下气 
  take (draw) breath 歇口气  take(draw) a deep breath  深呼吸  breathe in (out)呼吸(出)
  112 in brief( short)=in short words  简言之  
  113 bring in 吸引;引进  
  bring down 降低;   bring forward 提出; bring up 抚育;  bring about 产生;导致
  114 build up one's health 健体强身;    build a good reputation  树林名誉
  115 burn to the ground 把。。烧光;  burn sth. down 焚为平地;  burn up 烧(旺)起来
  116 burst out( crying) 爆发;            burst into ( tears) 突然爆发
  117 be none of sb.'s business 不关某人的事;     on business 因公出差
  118 be busy doing sth.     be busy with sth.  忙于干某事
  119 by and by 不就以后;    by and large  大体上
  120 call for  请求;要求;     call at (+地点名词 )访问; call in 召集;  call out 大声叫;  call up  打电话;回忆起 make a call on sb.=make /give sb. a call =give sb. a ring 给。。。打电话
  121 calm down (使)平息   
  122 go camping  去野营 ; summer camp  夏令营
  123 can't help doing sth. 禁不住做某事  
  124 call off=cancel取消
  125 take care of=look after 照料       
  126 care for  喜欢;想要
  127 carry away 运走;使失去理智; carry off 带走;  carry on 继续;carry out 贯彻;落实
  128 in any case 无论如何   in that case 假若那样;  in case(of) 万一;   in no case  决不
  129 be caught in (the rain,the shower, a trap) 遇雨;陷入圈套;   catch up with 赶上
  130 cause and effect 因果            immediate cause直接原因
  131 be cautious of 谨防  
  132 hold a celebration  举行庆祝会; in celebration of 庆祝
  133 perform the opening( closing) ceremony 举行开幕(闭幕)式; graduation ceremony毕业典礼   134  for a certain reason 为了某种原因;   be certain of 确信 
  for certain( sure) 肯定地;  make certain of(that 从句)保证
  134 give a challenge to sb. 向某人挑战;   challenge sb. to do sth.  向某人挑战做。。。
  accept one's challenge to do sth.接受某人的挑战做。。。 
  challenge one's interest/attention 引起某人的兴趣/注意
  135 take a chance(risk) 冒险;投机  
  136 change…for  用。。。换。。。; change ..into…   把。。。变成      change one's mind 改变主意
  137 check out 查明(帐);办理离店手续
  138 have no choice but to do 除做。。外别无选择
  139 go to( attend) church 去做礼拜;       go to the church 去教堂(做其他的事)
  140 clear away  收拾;散去;    clear up (天气)放晴      be good(clever) at 擅长
  141 close down 关门 bring to a close 使。。结束   come to a close结束  be close to 接近
  142 collect stamps  集邮            
  143 combine…into   把。。。联合起来
  144 come about 发生;    come down 下降;倒下;    come to 达到;共计
  145 take command of 指挥;       have a good command of  掌握(语言)
  146 compare with  和。。。相比;        compare … to… 把。。。比作  
  147 compete with/against sb. 与。。。竞争;compete for 为。。。而竞争;compete with sb. in 在。。。方面与某人竞争 
  148 concentrate one's mind( attention) on/upon sth.   把注意力集中在。。。
  149 in conflict with 与。。。相冲突
  150 connect..with/to 把。。与。。相连接/相联系
  151 take delight in 以。。。为乐; to one's delight 使。。。高兴的是 be delighted to do…  高兴地做。。。     
  152 congratulate sb. on sth. 祝贺某人某事
  153 in connection with  与。。有联系   
  154 in consequence 因此,结果 in consequence of … 由于。。的结果 
  155 be considered as( to be/ to do )被看作;认为
  156 consider/regard/think of / treat…as… 认为(看待)。。。
  157 take into consideration  考虑到;顾及 
  158 consist of=be made up of 由。。。构成consist with  与。。。一致  
  159 consult sb.   向某人请教  ;consult with  与交换意见
  160 contrary to 违反;和。。。相反     on the contrary相反
  161  contribute to  有助于;促使   make contribution to    为。。。做贡献
  162 out of control 失去控制;under control  在控制下
  163 convince sb.of sth.使某人信服某事be convinced of sth. 相信某人  
  164 from all corners of the country来自全国各地
  165 corrupt the child 惯坏了孩子
  166 at the cost of  以。。。为代价;at all costs 不惜一切代价
  167 count on sb./sth. 依赖(指望)某人/某物
  168 lose courage 丧失勇气;take up courage  鼓起勇气  
  169 in ( during) the course of   在。。。期间
  170 in the crowd(s) 在人群中;be crowded with 挤满了。。。
  171 cry out for help  大声呼救        cry over   为。。。哭泣 
  172 be curious about 对。。感兴趣   
  173 cut up  切碎;cut off    切断  
  174 do damage( good/ harm) to …毁坏;对有好处(坏处)。。。 
  175 in danger( trouble) 处境危险(麻烦); in danger of  在危险中  
  176 from dawn till dark 从早到晚
  177 in the dark(darkness)  在黑暗中
  178 out of date 过时的; make a date 定一个日期;    bring sth. up to date 使。。现代化;make a date with 。。与某人约会; 
  date back/from 回溯;  go out of date过时
  179 day after day  日复一日 day by day  逐日      the other day前几天;  in a day or two 一两天内 
  180 turn a deaf ear to 不理会
  181 a great/good deal of  大量的(后接不可数名词)deal with   与。。。交易;处理
  182 put sb. to death 处死某人;sentence sb. to death 判死刑;
  183 in debt 欠债;  pay off the debt 还清债务
  184 decide to do / be determined to do决定干某事  make a decision 做出决定
  185 declare war on     对。。。宣战
  186 on the decrease 在减少中  decrease  to 减少到。。。
  187 do a good deed 做一件好事 ;   do the deed生效 
  188 be deep in( thought) 陷入(沉思)deep into the night 到深夜    
  189 without delay立即
  190 deliver sth.(over) to sb.把某物交给某人   
  191 take one's departure (from)  告辞         bank deposit银行存款
  192 describe as   形容;描绘  give a description of 描述 ;beyond  description难以形容
  193 be devoted to doing  sth. /devote oneself /sth. to 专心于;投身于
  194 look sth. up in the dictionary ;   turn/refer to the dictionary  查字典
  195 die of/from 死于 ;be dying for        渴望; be dying to do sth. 渴望做某事
  196 differ from/be different from与。。不同 the difference between( among) 。。之间的区别;   make a difference 产生差异;有影响
  197 in all directions( in every direction) 朝四面八方; in the direction of 朝。。。的方向
  198 put(keep) sb. at a disadvantage  使处于不利地位 ; to one's disadvantage  对。。。不利
  199 disagree with.sb./sth. 不同意某人(的话;意见等)
  200 have a discussion on/ about  讨论 ;  under discussion在讨论中
(转自岸江的新浪博客)

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