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短文改错综合练习  

2011-03-02 14:55:47|  分类: 英语学习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Exercise 1

  It is Sunday today. I have been studying all day long. On 1. _______

  the morning, I had dry breakfast. We had no water to2. _______

  drink because the water supply had cut off. The water had 3. _______

  come back in the evening. I did maths then. I didn’t stop after 4. _______

  12 o’clock. After a short lunch I had the break. Then I went to5. _______

  my Sunday English class.

  After a long and tired class for more than two hours, I got 6. _______

  to home. Some work had been done but some hadn’t. I must 7. ______

  review all my subject such as the Sciences and the Humanities, 8. _______

  which include Chinese, English, Politics and History as 9. _______

  well. That’s terribly! Especially when there was no water. 10. ______
答案及解析

  1. On改为In。in the morning为固定搭配。

  2. dry前加a。一般来讲, 三餐前不加任何冠词, 但当三餐前有形容词修饰时, 则必须在形容词前加不定冠词。如:We usually have

breakfast at eight. I have a wonderful breakfast this morning.

  3. 第一个had后加been。根据逻辑, 此处应为被动语态。

  4. after改为until。构成“not...until...”句型。

  5. the改为a。have a break意为“休息一会儿”, 为固定搭配。

  6. tired改为tiring。tired为形容词“劳累的”, 多用来修饰人; tiring也为形容词, 意为“令人劳累的”, 用来修饰事物。

  7. 删去to。home为副词。

  8. subject改为subjects。subject是可数名词。

  9. 此行无错。

  10.terribly改为terrible。系动词后要用形容词。

Exercise 2

  Dear students,
The Students’ Union was going to hold an English Speech 1. _______

  contest in the evening of December 30. The purpose 2. _______

  is increase the students’ interest in learning English and 3. _______

  improve their spoken English. Which is going to be held in4. _______

  the school main hall and will begins at 7:30. And the 5. _______

  best five students of this English contest will be given6. _______

  prizes. Someone in Grade Three will be 7. _______

  welcome to take part in it. Those would like to take part 8. _______

  in this contest should go to the office of the Students’9. _______

  Union and sign it up your names and the topics of your 10. ______

  English Speech.

  Welcome to this great fun!
答案及解析

  1. was改为is。

  2. in改为on。指具体某一天的晚上, 要用介词on。

  3. is后加to。此处为不定式作表语。

  4. Which改为It。此处应用it指代前文的an English Speech contest, 如用which指代则无主句。

  5. begins改为begin。will后需用动词原形与will共同构成谓语部分。

  6. 此行无错。

  7. Someone改为Everyone。everyone侧重整体, 指“每个人”; someone侧重个体, 意为“某个人”。

  8. Those后加who。此处用who引导定语从句。

  9. go改为come。根据文章第一句话可知, 此通知发出者是the Students’ Union。所以要用come而不用go。

  10. 删去it。此句中已有宾语your names, 不需用it。

Exercise 3

  Listening to foreign broadcast easier 1. _______

  if we know something about. There are clues 2. _______
that can help us. One clue is the time of 3. _______

  day. Morning programs usually contains many 4. _______

  short items of news, informations, etc. The 5. _______

  items are short because of most of us are 6. _______

  getting ready to going to work in the 7. _______

  morning. Often we do not have time listen 8. _______

  to long programs. There are time for more 9. _______

  details about the subjects discuss in evening programs.10. ______

答案及解析

  1. easier前加is。此处应构成“主语+系动词+表语”句型。

  2. about后加it。about是介词, 后面应接名词、 代词、 动名词作宾语。   

3. 此行无错。

  4. contains改为contain。主谓一致错误。主语programs为复数形式。

  5. informations改为information。information为不可数名词。

6. 删去because后面的of。because后面应接一个句子; 而because of后面应接名词、 代词、 动名词。

  7. going改为go。be ready to do sth.为固定短语, 意为“准备做某事”。

  8. listen前为to。have time to do sth.意为“有时间做某事”。

  9. are改为is。主谓一致错误。主语time为不可数名词, 谓语应用单数形式。

  10. discuss改为discussed。非谓语动词错误。此处动词discuss与其逻辑主语subjects应为被动关系,故用discussed作定语。

Exercise 4

  Life on earth depends the sun. Day after 1. _______

  day we see its light and feel its warm, but we 2. _______

  do not often consider about its origin. 3. _______

  Yet there are many remarkable things about the 4. _______

  sun. One is their distance from the earth. Even 5. _______

 if it could be made, a trip to the sun would spend a long 6. _______

  time even by the fastest rocket. 7. _______

  The sun is a large satellite. The planet 8. _______

  earth is very small in comparison. The sun make 9. _______

  us to feel hot, even at a distance of 93 million miles. 10. ______

答案及解析

  1. depend后加on。此处depend为不及物动词, 应与on连用, 表示“依赖, 依靠”。

  2. warm改为warmth。warm为形容词, 在its后应用名词warmth作feel的宾语。

  3. 删去about。此处consider为及物动词, 直接接宾语。

  4. 此行无错。

  5. their改为its。依上文此处指代“太阳的”。

  6. spend改为take。take应由物作主语, 表示时间或金钱的花费, 而spend则通常用人作主语。

  7. by改为in。in the fastest rocket为固定用法, 表示具体的运输工具。

  8. satellite改为star。satellite意为“卫星”, star多用来指恒星。

9. make改为makes。此处make应与主语第三人称单数the sun保持一致。

  10. 删去to。当不定式作make的宾语补足语时, 应省略to。

Exercise 5

  After I finished the school this year, I began to 1. _______

  look for work. Now several month later, I still hadn’t2. _______

  found the job that I was interested. Last Sunday morning3. _______

  I received a phone call from a man calling him Mr. Smith. 4. _______

  He said to me on the phone, “I hear you do very 5. _______

  well in your studies. I may provide a job for you.” I entered 6. _______

  his office with a beaten heart. How I hoped that I 7. _______

  will go through the job -hunting talk today and he would8. _______

  take me on as a lab assistant. But to my surprised, 9. _______

  what he said disappointing. He only needed a model. 10. ______

答案及解析

  1. 删去the。冠词错误。finish school意为“完成学业, 毕业”, school为抽象名词, 前不加冠词。

  2. month改为months。名词单复数错误。several修饰可数名词复数形式。

  3. interested后加in。介词错误。be interested in是固定词组。

  4. him改为himself。代词错误, 根据文意应为“自称是”。

  5. do改为did。动词错误。句意应为“我听说你(过去)学习不错”, 因为现已毕业。

  6. 此行无错。

  7. beaten改为beating。非谓语动词错误。a beating heart相当于a heart which is beating。

  8. will改为would。动词时态错误。主句是过去时, 宾语从句要用相应的时态。

  9. surprised改为surprise。to one’s surprise/joy为习语搭配, 只能是名词。

  10. sai d后加was。动词谓语漏用错误。What he said是主语从句, was disappointing是谓语。

 Exercise 6

  Once an old man saw a bag on his way to home. 1. _______

  In the bag there was a wolf. It was catching and put in 2. _______

  the bag by a shepherd(牧羊人) a few minutes ago.

  The wolf asked the old man to let him out.3. _______

  The old man took pity on him and opened bag.4. _______

  When the wolf got out, said to the old man, “I am very hungry. 5. _______

  I want to eat you.” The other old man could do nothing 6. _______

  and cry for help. Just then the shepherd came and saw this. 7. _______

  He beat the wolf to death by a stick. Then he said to the 8. _______

  old man, “wolves want to eat men all the time. It’s nature 9. _______

  will never change. We should took this as a good lesson.” 10. ______

答案及解析

  1. 删去to。home是副词, 前面不能接介词。

2. catching改为caught。主语it与catch的关系为被动关系, 故用was caught。

  3. 此行无错。

  4. bag前加the。bag在此重复提到, 为特指。

  5. said前加he。代词漏用错误。此句缺少主语, 并且要与上文him保持一致。

  6. 删去other。接上下文没有“另一个老人”。

  7. and(cry)改为but(cry)。can do nothing but意为“只得做”, 为习惯搭配。

  8. by改为with。介词错误。“用……工具”常用“with...”。

  9. It’s改为Its。同音词混淆错误。此处应为“它的本性”。

  10. took改为take。情态动词后应接动词原形。

Exercise 7

  Dear Sir,

  I’m glad to recommend (推荐) to you my friend Li Ming.

  Li Ming was born on July 15, in 1974 in Beijing. 1. _______

  He graduated from Xisi Primary School in 1986. 2. _______

When he was in the middle school, he did good in maths, 3. _______

  physics and chemistry and fond of art. After graduating 4. _______

  from No.4 High School, he entered into Beijing 5. _______

  University study physics. After four years of hard 6. _______

  work there, he went to the United States for farther7. _______

  study. Because of his excellent work, he get a doctor’s 8. _______

  degree in physics this year. He is now in good

  health but would like to make contributions to our 9. _______

  country. I should be most grateful if you would favorably

  consider my recommendation.

  Looking forward to receive your early reply.10. ______

  Yours truly,

  Wang Li
答案及解析

  1. 删去1974前的in。时间状语是年、 月、 日的只需用一个介词; 但若是年、 月、 日、 时的, 则要用at six thirty, on the morning of May 4th, 2001。

  2. 此行无错。

  3. good改为well。固定词组be good at, do well in意为“在……学得很好”。

  4. fond前加was。动词谓语残缺错误。fond是形容词, and引导并列谓语结构, 故用词组was fond of。

  5. 删去into。动词enter是及物动词, 直接接宾语。

  6. study前加to。此处用不定式短语作目的状语。

  7. farther改为further。farther意为“更远的”, 表示实际距离; further意为“深远的, 进一步的”, 指抽象概念,这里为“深造学习”, 应用further study。

  8. get改为got。时态错误。

  9. but改为and。根据上下文逻辑, 前后两分句为并列递进关系, 而非转折关系。

  10. receive改为receiving。look forwa rd to中的to为介词, 后面应接名词或动名词。

Exercise 8

  Sept. 10th Wednesday Fine

  Today is Teacher’s Day. I attended a celebration1 meeting hold by our school. At the meeting, 25 2. _______

  advanced teachers were praised and those had3. _______

  completed 30 years of teaching were given medals.4. _______

  My the first English teacher was one of those praised.5. _______

  After the meeting, my classmates and I went to see them.6. _______

  Seeing us, the grey-haried teacher looked

  exciting. When we said we all wanted to be teachers 7. _______

  and devoted ourselves to education in the future, he8. _______

  nodded with satisfaction. He said in firm voice, 9. _______

  “teaching is a noble job. Man would be stupid with 10. _______

  education.” We all agreed and were greatly encouraged by his words.

答案及解析

  1. Teacher’s改为Teachers’。“……(人)的节日”一般用名词复数表泛指。如: Children’s Day, Women’s Day等。

  2. hold改为held。此处为过去分词作定语表被动关系。

3. had前加who。仔细分析句子结构便可知此处应为定语从句, those或all等词后只能接who, 不能用that。

  4. 此行无错。

  5. 删去the。序数词前有my等形容词性物主代词时, 不需要用定冠词。

  6. them改为him。代词指代应一致。根据下文the grey-haired teacher看出, 此处应为him。

  7. exciting改为excited。人作主语时, 表语一般用过去分词; 物作主语则用现在分词。

  8. devoted改为devote。根据句意可知, and后的devote应与不定式短语be teachers并列。

  9. in后加a。in a loud/low voice为固定短语。

  10. with改为without。介词逻辑错误。根据常识可判断, 该处想表达的原意为“没有教育, 人类将会愚昧无知”。

 Exercise 9

  The other day my brother Tom was beginning his 1. _______

  motorbike then our neighbor, Mary came out and asked 2. _______

  him if he was going near the station. So he offered her a lift.

  She got at the back of the motorbike and3. _______

  they drove away. Just before they reached to the station4. _______

  a policeman waved to them to stop. “Excuse me, sir,” he

  said. “You are not sitting on that motorbike properly.”

  “What’s matter with the way I’m sitting?” my brother5. _______

  asked in surprise. “Not you, sir. It’s a young lady,” said 6. _______

  the policeman. “In this country side-saddle(偏座) is not 7. _______

  permitted when one ride a motorbike.” Mary made an excuse 8. _______

  that she was from Italy, where it isn’t considering to9. _______

  break the law when people take the side-saddle.

The policeman shook head and drove away.10. ______

答案及解析

  1. beginning改为starting。begin和start都有“开始”的意思, 但start还可指开动机器等。该句中表示“开动,发动”, 因此应用start。

  2. then改为when。当前一个分句动作正在进行时, 突然又发生了另一动作, 应用连词when。

  3. at改为on。get on为固定的动词短语, 意为“上车”。

  4. 删去to。reach为及物动词, 其后不接介词。

  5. matter前加the。“What’s the matter with...?”是日常生活中常用口语句型。

  6. a改为the。这里的young lady特指上文的青年妇女, 其前应用定冠词the。

  7. 此行无错。

  8. ride改为rides。在when引导的时间状语从句中, 主语为第三人称单数, 谓语为一般现在时态, 也应用动词第三人称单数。>  9. considering改为considered。在where引导的非限制性定语从句中, 主语是谓语动作的承受者, 应为被动语态。

  10. head前加his。head为可数名词, 其前应加限定词。

Exercise 10

  Japan is a beautiful country, covering with many1. _______

tiny rivers and high mountains. Japan is also a pleased 2. _______

  country. It is known for “the land of the cherry blossom3. _______

  (樱花)” because of the spring of the year the cherry 4. _______

  trees are so beautiful. Everywhere there are hundred of 5. _______

  different kinds of wild flowers. Where there are

  not natural gardens, the Japanese 6. _______

  has made their own. Because the islands are so hilly7. _______

  there is a great shortage of the soil, so very little bit 8. _______

  is used. No matter how tiny may be, every home has its 9. _______

  own little garden. Japan is a country worthy of a visit. 10. ______
答案及解析

  1. covering改为covered。be covered with是固定搭配, 意为“为……所覆盖”, 此处过去分词短语作后置定语,修饰country。

  2. pleased改为pleasant。pleased意为“感动高兴的”, 通常用来指人; pleasant意为“令人高兴的”,通常用来指物。

  3. for改为as。be known for是“因……而众所周知”的意思; be known as意为“以……知名”。

  4. of改为in。此处because引导原因状语从句, 从句中in the spring of the year作时间状语。

  5. hundred改为hundreds。固定词组hundreds of意为“数以百计的”。

  6. not改为no。not为副词, 不能修饰名词; 修饰名词gardens应用no。

  7. has改为have。the Japanese指的是日本人民, 应用复数形式。

  8. 删去the。soil为物质名词, 其前不用定冠词。

  9. tiny后加it。此处让步状语从句缺主语。

  10. 此行无错。

第三章

历年高考改错真题

  (1996年~2007年)
NMET 1996

  Today I visited the Smiths—my first time visit 1. _______

  to a American family. They live in a small 2. _______

  town. It was very kind for them to meet me 3. _______

  at the railway station and drove me to their home.4. _______

  The Smiths did his best to make me feel 5. _______

  at home. They offered me coffee and other 6. _______

  drinks. We have a good time talking and laughing 7. _______

  together. They eager to know everything about 8. _______

  China and asked me lots of question. In fact, 9. _______

  they are planning to visit China in next year.10. ______

答案及解析

  1. 删去 time。

  2. 第一个 a 改为 an。
 3. for 改为 of。

  4. drove 改为 drive。to meet 和 to drive 是平行结构, 可视为 drive 前省略 to。

  5.his改为their。此处为指代错误。因为指史密斯夫妇, 故用their。

  6. 此行无错。

  7. have改为had。综观全篇可知, 此处应为一般过去时态。

  8. 在eager前加were。eager是形容词, 需与系动词共同构成谓语。

  9. question改为questions。此处为可数名词。

  10. 删去in。含有this, last, next等的时间状语前不加介词。






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