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高中英语定语从句难点总结讲解  

2013-11-07 22:08:55|  分类: 英语学习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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高中英语定语从句难点总结讲解
2011年11月23日 20:31    
爱学网江苏在线

 

 

 

 一、强调句型与定语从句
1. “Where did you find the professor who made the speech yesterday?” “It was in the hall ______ the students often have a meeting.”
A. where B. which C. that D. when
【分析】假若选C,即有 It was in the hall that the students often have a meeting,该句的意思是“学生们通常是在大厅开会”,单独看这一句,无论是其意思还是其语法均没错,但若将其与上文联系起来看,则不通,因为上文的意思是“你是在哪儿找到昨天作报告的那位教授的?”假若将答句改为 It was in the hall that I found the professor,则完全可以。其实,此题的最佳答案是A,where the students often have a meeting 为定语从句,用以修饰其前的名词 the hall,句意为“是在学生们经常开会的那个大厅(找到教授的)”,这样语意就通顺了
2.It was in the small house ______ was built with stones by his father ______ he spent his childhood.
A. which, that B. that, which
C. which, which D. that, where
【分析】答案选A,第一空填 which,用以引导定语从句;第二空填that,为强调句的结构词,被强调部分为 in the small house (以及修饰它的定语从句 which was built with stones by his father)。此题难就难在强调句型中套用了定语从句。
3. It was the boy _____ had been in prison _____ stole the money.
A. who, where B. that, how
C. who, that D. that, which
此题答案选C,全句为强调句,被强调成分是 the boy (以及修饰它的定语从句who had been in prison)。
4 . It was just in the room _____ he was born _____ he died.
A. where, which B. that, that
C. where, that D. which, that
此题答案选C,全句为强调句,被强调成分是 in this room,where he was born 为修饰 the room 的定语从句。
5.Have you seen the fi;m Under the Hawthorn Tree?
----Of course,I have.It was in our village______it was made .
A. that B. where
C. when D. which
二、选关系代词、关系副词时要考虑所属关系。
1.The school shop _______custmers are mainly students,is closed for the holidays.

A. which B. whose
C. when D. where
答案B
I am grateful to my high school teachers,without _____help I wouldn``t be so excellent. 
A. whom B. them
C. which D. whose
答案D
三、from where 与 from when 引导的定语从句
from where 引导的定语从句
1、Soon after getting off his horse, the captain appeared at the second storey windows, from where he could see nothing but trees.下马不久,上尉就出现在二楼的窗口了。他从那里除了树木什么也没看到。(引导定语从句)
划线部分相当于…, and from at the windows…不可变为from which…,可用where,但不如用from where更具体。
2、She climbed up to the top of the hill, from where she could have a good view of the whole town.她登上山顶,从那里她可以一览全城风光。(引导定语从句)
划线部分相当于…, and from on the top of the hill或from on the top of which…,不可变为from which,也可直接用where引导,但语义较为含糊,不如用from where更加生动、形象、具体。
3、We went up to the roof , from where we had a good view of the procession.我们爬到屋顶,在那儿我们可以一览整个行进队伍。(引导定语从句)
划线部分可理解为and from on the top of the roof或from on the top of which,用from which是不对的,直接用where仍显不具体,不形象。
4、China is the birth place of kites, from where kiteflying spread to Japan, Korea, Thailand and India.中国是风筝的故乡,在那里风筝传到日本、朝鲜、泰国和印度。
这里from正与下文的spread to构成一个整体,可理解为from near/around this place,如若把from where换为where显然是讲不通的,改成from which,能够讲得通,但不太符合英语习惯。
5、The car stopped suddenly only a few inches from where I stood.那辆小汽车就在我站的地方仅几英寸处忽然停下了。(引导状语从句)这里的划线部分中where引导的是宾语从句,与from一起作地点状语从句。
from when
(1. A good friend of mine from -——I was born showed up at my home right before I left for Beijing.(2009年安徽卷27题)

A. how B. whom C. when D. which


【考点】本题考查when引导的定语从句。
四、定语从句中介词的选择经典例题
To my great surprise,yesterday,he asked me a few questions_______there were no answers.
A. to which B. about which
C. in which D. on which
答案 A.
五、定语从句的先行词为抽象名词case,point,situation,stage等的用法
1.在定语从句中除case,point,situation,stage外,哪些先行词可以用where?
例如这道题
what do you think of teaching, Bob? ——I find it fun and challenging. It is a job( where ) you are doing something serious but interesting.
在工作中用where
所有的词都是自己分析来决定选什么的,不需要死记硬背的。

2.stage 作先行词定语从句都用where来引导么有用when的么? 
stage名词 n. [C] 1.舞台 Some girls are dancing on the stage. 一些女孩在舞台上跳舞。 2.注意中心,活动舞台,场所 3.(进展的)阶段;时期 A caterpillar must pass through the cocoon stage to become a butterfly. 表示这些意思时,可做先行词。 例句:1.表地点 The stage where the girls are going to dance is in the gym. 2.表时期 The stage when he is preparing for his study is relly important. 希望那个你能明白!
We have come to the stage______we have to make a choice. 
a.that b.which c. in which
课文经典 Nelson mandela - a modern hero
The last thirty years have seen the greatest number of laws stopping our rights and progress,until today we have reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all.
近30 年来,通过大量的法律来阻止我们的权利和进步,致使今天我们到了几乎没有任何权利的地步。

2011朝阳质检
The doctor said that the treatment would contnue until the patient reached the point ________ he could walk correctly and safely
A.where B.when
c.which d.that
答案B.
六、定语从句与强调句型解题陷阱 
The factory was built in a secret place,around____high mountains.
A.which was B.it was C.which were D.them were
此题选C。
分析:前面有选行词place,后面句子的意思是,“在它的周围是一些很高的山”,所以后面这个句子是非限制定语从句。介词around加关系词which,因为后面是复数形式,所以选C。另外,非限制性定语从句中,地点在前,所以用倒装形式。

 此信息来自爱学网江苏在线http://js.istudy.com.cn  


 

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