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素心守拙

那怕老态龙钟时,也愿保持一颗天真的心。

 
 
 

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又是一年丰收季——2011年《学生英语报》与高考试题撞题对比  

2011-07-09 17:32:42|  分类: 英语学习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |
  在2011年高考落下帷幕后,我们最希望的是见到全国各地的高考试题,那是一个紧张而又激动的时刻,紧张的是检验我们的时候到了;激动的是我们一年辛勤的耕耘能获得丰硕的收获。我们细心地将2011年高考试题和《学生英语报》进行了对比,在对比过程中,我们发现高考试题中要点、考点多次在我报上刊登并解析过,甚至有些阅读理解、完形填空、书面表达等大题都在我报上刊登过。现择录一二,以飨读者。
一、单项填空:
        今年高考语法和词汇知识题较去年难度有所上升,更加着重对英语运用能力的考查。我报100%地覆盖了全国卷的考点。不少高考试题以极其相似的内容和形式多次出现在我报上。下面是对比结果(答案用黑体标出)。

全国新课标卷第21题


        — We could invite John and Barbara to the Friday night party.
        — Yes, _______? I’ll give them a call right now.
        A. why not         B. what for        C. why         D. what

本报高三北师大新课程版第2期2版


        — Do you think I should join the singing group, Mary?
        —_______. If I were in your shoes, I certainly would.
        A. None of your business  B. It depends  C. Why not  D. I don’t think so
本报高三人教新课程版第3期2版
        — Do you think I should join the singing group, Mary?
        — _______ If I were in your shoes, I certainly would.
        A. None of your business.     B. Why not?         C. It depends.
        D. I don’t think so.
        说明:本题考查情景交际。why not(为什么不呢?),在口语中常表示赞同或建议,符合语境,故选A。
全国新课标卷第22题
        Try _______ she might, Sue couldn’t get the door open.
        A. if                B. when               C. since            D. as
本报高三北师大新课程版第34期3版
        Cold _______ it was, all the workers still stuck to their post in the rain.
        A. as                B. since              C. because          D. until
本报高三人教新课程版第34期3版
        Cold _______ it was, all the workers still stuck to their post in the rain.
        A. as                B. since              C. because          D. until
        说明:本题考查倒装句。as引导让步状语从句,要把表语、状语或主要动词放在as之前,构成倒装句,其他连词无此用法。
全国新课标卷第23题
        Planning so far ahead _______ no sense — so many things will have changed by next year.
        A. made                B. is making          C.makes          D. has made
本报高三北师大新课程版第32期3版
        There will be a special prize for anybody who _______ a TV set in our shop in the next two weeks.
        A. would order        B. orders           C. ordered         D. order
本报高三人教新课程版第32期3版
        There will be a special prize for anybody who _______ a TV set in our shop in the next two weeks.
        A. would order       B. orders          C. ordered          D. order
        说明:本题考查动词时态。此题中so far修饰ahead,表示“那么”。make no sense是对主语planning的客观描述,选C。此题容易误选D。学生误以为so far在这里是“到目前为止”的意思。
全国新课标卷第24题
        I wasn’t sure if he was really interested or if he _______ polite.

        A. was just being    B. will just be        C. had just been


        D. would just be
本报高三北师大新课程版第32期3版
        Susan decided not to work on the program at home because she didn’t want her parents to know what she _______.
        A. has done     B. had done     C. was doing     D. is doing
本报高三人教新课程版第16期2版
        — Is there anything wrong with you, Jenny?
        — Oh, nothing much. In fact, I _______ of my sick brother, Tommy.
        A. just thought   B.was just thinking  C.would think   D. was just being thought
        说明:本题考查动词时态。过去进行时表示过去某一点或某一段时间内正在进行的动作。此题“出于礼貌”和“感兴趣”两个动作同时发生,而说话人强调“当时”的概念,所以选A。(此题解析有待斟酌
全国新课标卷第25题
        — Someone wants you on the phone.
        — _______ nobody knows I am here.
        A. Although         B. And            C. But             D. So
本报高三北师大新课程版第1期2版
        You have the potential to become a painter, _______ you need more practice.
        A. unless         B. but           C. even though         D. in case
本报高三人教新课程版第35期3版
        — Kate, would you like to join us in our discussion now?
        — Thank you, _______.
         A. but I’d rather not   B. but why not   C. and I won’t   
         D. and I’ll join.
        说明:本题考查并列连词。根据句意“有你的电话。但是没人知道我在这啊”,表示转折,用but,所以选C。
全国新课标卷第26题
        I can _______ the house being untidy, but I hate it if it’s not clean.
        A. come up with    B. put up with   C. turn to       D. stick to
本报高二北师大新课程版第38期4版
        Mary could hardly _______ her boyfriend’s antics (怪异行为) any longer.
        A. catch up with   B. keep up with  C. end up with   D. put up with
本报高二人教新课程版第39期4版
        Mary could hardly _______ her boyfriend’s antics (怪异行为) any longer.
        A. catch up with  B. keep up with  C. end up with    D. put up with
        说明:本题考查短语动词辨析。come up with 提出,想出,赶上; put up with 忍受,容忍; turn to 转向,求助于; stick to 坚持,粘住。根据句意选B。
全国新课标卷第27题
        The next thing he saw was smoke _______ from behind the house.
        A. rose       B. rising      C. to rise       D. risen
本报高三北师大新课程版第33期3版
        The teacher called Tom to his office because he was caught _______ in the exam.
        A. to cheat     B. cheating  C. cheated      D. cheat
本报高三人教新课程版第33期3版
        The teacher called Tom to his office because he was caught ____in the exam.
        A. to cheat   B. cheating   C. cheated   D. cheat
        说明:本题考查非谓语动词的用法。rising用作后置定语,与被修饰名词smoke是主谓关系,表示动作正在进行,因此选B。
全国新课标卷第28题
        Only when he reached the tea-house _______ it was the same place he’d been in last year.
        A. he realized   B. he did realize  C. realized he   D. did he realize
本报高三北师大新课程版第45期2版
        Only after _______ the classroom _______ that he had left the English composition at home.
        A. did he reach; did he remember   B. he reached; did he remember
        C. did he reach; he remembered     D. he reached; remembered he
本报高三人教新课程版第32期3版
        Only after my friend came _______.
        A. did the computer repair                  B. he repaired the computer
        C. was the computer repaired          D. the computer was repaired
        说明:本题考查倒装句。“only + 状语从句”放在句首时,主句应主谓部分倒装,故选D。
全国新课标卷第29题
        When Alice came to, she did not know how long she _______ there.
        A. had been lying  B. has been lying  C. was lying  D. has lain
本报高三北师大新课程版第32期3版
        — Did you notice Jack was not at work today?
        — I _______ with the manager. Or I’d have noticed.
        A. talked    B. had been talking    C. was talking   D. have been talking
本报高三人教新课程版第32期3版
        — Did you notice Jack was not at work today?
        — I _______ with the manager. Or I’d have noticed.
        A. talked     B. had been talking    C. was talking   D. have been talking
        说明:本题考查动词时态。句意:当Alice醒来时,她不知道已经在这里躺多久了。由句意可知此处表示过去一直躺着,应用过去完成进行时,选A。
全国新课标卷第30题
        The form can’t be signed by anyone _______ yourself.
        A. rather than        B. other than     C. more than    D. better than
本报高三北师大新课程版第30期3版
        Richard doesn’t eat pork, but _______ that, he will eat just about anything.
        A. less than     B. more than     C. better than      D. other than
本报高三人教新课程版第30期3版
        Richard doesn’t eat pork, but _______ that, he will eat just about anything.
        A. less than   B. more than   C. better than    D. other than
        说明:本题考查副词短语的用法。other than意为“除了,不同于”,相当于except, 符合句意。rather than而不是;more than多于,不仅仅是;better than好于。
全国新课标卷第31题
        The prize will go to the writer _______ story shows the most imagination.
        A. that           B. which         C. whose      D. what
本报高三北师大新课程版第10期2版
        When I got to New York, I had to attend a school for students _______ first language was not English.
        A. who   B. which   C. whose      D. where
本报高三人教新课程版第34期4版
        That’s the new machine _______ parts are too small to be seen.
        A. that                  B. which          C. whose               D. what
        说明:本题考查定语从句。whose引导定语从句,并在从句中作定语,修饰先行词students。whose作定语可修饰人或物。
全国新课标卷第32题
        They _______ have arrived at lunchtime but their flight was delayed.
        A. will          B. can              C. must                 D. should
本报高三北师大新课程版第19期4版
        Mr White _______ at 8:30 for the meeting, but she didn’t show up.
        A. should have arrived   B. should arrive   C. has had arrived  
        D. should be arriving
本报高三人教新课程版第33期2版
        They are still discussing whether I _______ to the meeting yesterday, which I think was not necessary at all.
        A. could come  B. should have come  C. should come  D. must have come
        说明:本题考查情态动词。句意为:“他们本应该赶上吃午饭,但是航班推迟了”。should have done表示本来应该做但是实际没有做。故选D。
全国新课标卷第33题
        It is generally accepted that _______ boy must learn to stand up and fight like _______ man.
        A. a; a          B. a; the      C. the; the      D. a; 不填
本报高三北师大新课程版第16期2版
        China intends Shenzhen to become _______ national economic center and _______ city of global importance in exchanges of culture, economy and technology in the future.
        A. the; the             B. a; a         C. a; the                D. the; a
本报高三人教新课程版第52期2版
        As the Year of the Rabbit was approaching, _______ severe drought was seen in North China, which is _______ worst in six decades.
        A. the; the      B. /; the     C. a; the     D. the; a
        说明:本题考查冠词。A + 可数名词单数表示“一类人”,a boy表示男孩子这一类,a man表示男人这一类。故选A。
全国新课标卷第34题
        William found it increasingly difficult to read, for his eyesight was beginning to _______.
        A. disappear     B. fall     C. fail     D. damage
本报高三北师大新课程版第48期2版
        I think that Tang Guoqiang is a great actor, who can _______ a character to life.
        A. bring     B. give      C. take      D. fetch
本报高三人教新课程版第50期2版
        As Tom was thinking hard on his project work, a good idea suddenly _______ to him.
        A. happened   B. hit    C. struck    D. occurred
        说明:本题考查动词辨析。disappear“消失”;fall“落下,摔下来”;fail“失败,下降”;damage“破坏;毁坏”。根据句意“阅读逐渐困难”是因为“视力开始下降”选C。
全国新课标卷第35题
        — Artistic people can be very difficult sometimes.
        — Well, you married one. _______.
        A. You name it  B. I’ve got it  C. I can’t agree more D. You should know
本报高三北师大新课程版第33期2版
        — May I call you at 9 o’clock tomorrow morning?
        — No problem. I _______ be free at that time.
        A. might            B. should         C. can                D. may
本报高三人教新课程版第33期2版
        — May I call you at 9:00 o’clock tomorrow morning?
        — No problem. I _______ be free at that time.
        A. might           B. should         C. can                 D. may
        说明:本题考查交际用语。由句意“——艺术家有时候生活艰难。——哦,你嫁给这样的人了,你该明白。”可知选D。should表示“应该,本该”之意。
全国卷II第9题
        Ted came for the weekend wearing only some shorts and a T-shirt, _______ is a stupid thing to do in such weather.
        A. this            B. that            C. which            D. what
本报高三北师大新课程版第34期4版
        After graduating from college, I took some time off to go traveling, _______ turned out to be a wise decision.
        A. that           B. which         C. when               D. where
本报高三人教新课程版第34期4版
        After graduating from college, I took some time off to go traveling, _______ turned out to be a wise decision.
        A. that          B. which        C. when                D. where
        说明:本题考查定语从句。which引导定语从句,代替前面整个句子的内容,并在从句中作主语,其他选项无此用法。因此选C。
天津卷第12题
        _______ into English, the sentence was found to have an entirely different word order.
        A. Translating   B. Translated   C. To translate    D. Having translated
本报高三北师大新课程版第33期3版
        _______ by a greater demand for greet products, the food company has set higher standards to ensure its quality.
        A. Driven     B. Being driven    C. To drive        D. Having driven
本报高三人教新课程版第33期3版
        _______ by a greater demand for greet products, the food company has set higher standards to ensure its quality.
        A. Driven  B. Being driven        C. To drive      D. Having driven
        说明:本题考查非谓语动词。the sentence与translate存在动宾关系,表示动作的完成,因此选B。
北京卷第23题
        Tom _______ in the library every night over the last three months.
        A. works      B. worked      C. have been working   D. had been working
本报高三北师大新课程版第32期2版
        — This returned scholar has become of the top experts in this field.
        — Yes, I know him very well. He _______for ten years at an institute in the USA.
        A. has worked    B. had worked       C. worked       D. has been working
本报高三人教新课程版第32期2版
        — This returned scholar has become of the top experts in this field.
        — Yes, I know him very well. He _______ for ten years at an institute in the USA.
        A. has worked       B. had worked       C. worked       D. has been working
        说明:本题考查动词时态。根据时间状语over the last three months可知用现在完成进行时,表示该动作一直在进行。
山东卷第24题
        The two girls are so alike that strangers find _______ difficult to tell one from the other.
        A. it          B. them            C. her                   D. that
本报高三北师大新课程版第16期4版
        He considers _______ necessary for us students to master a foreign language.
        A. this       B. that       C. how       D. it
本报高三人教新课程版第20期4版
        The fact that she was foreign made _______ difficult for her to get a job in that factory.
        A. so        B. much       C. that      D. it
        说明:本题考查it的用法。it用作形式宾语,真正宾语是后面的不定式短语to get a job in that factory。
重庆卷第30题
        To show our respect, we usually have to take our gloves off _______ we are to shake hands with.
        A. whichever    B. whenever         C. whoever         D. wherever
本报高三北师大新课程版第37期4版
        To improve the quality of our products, we asked for suggestions _______ had used the products.
        A. whoever    B. who       C. whichever         D. which
本报高三人教新课程版第37期4版
        To improve the quality of our products, we asked for suggestions _______ had used the products.
        A. whoever   B. who       C. whichever         D. which
        说明:本题考查名词性从句。whoever引导让步状语从句,并在从句中作shake hands with的宾语,因此选C。其他选项都不指人,容易排除。
二、阅读理解:
2011年辽宁卷阅读理解C
        Many people believe Henry Ford invented the automobile (汽车). But Henry Ford did not start to build his first car until 1896. That was eleven years after two Germans developed the world’s first automobile …
        人教新课标高二版第1期第1版刊登的文章Car King Henry Ford Changed the world与辽宁高考题阅读理解C话题和内容极其相似。
三、书面表达:
        ★(2011年浙江卷书面表达)假设你是高中生李越,有感于校园中存在的随意涂写(to scribble)和乱丢垃圾(to litter)的行为,请用英语给校长写一封100~120个词的信。信中应包括以下内容:1. 说明写信目的;2. 对这些行为进行批评;3. 提出建议。
        ★(本报高二北师大课程版第38期第4版)最近,你校学生会组织创建“文明校园”活动,请同学们规范自己的言行,做一个文明的学生。请你结合上面的图画内容,写一篇100词左右的英语短文,谈谈文明在日常生活中应该怎么做。
 

又是一年丰收季——2011年《学生英语报》与高考试题撞题对比 - 素心守拙 - 素心守拙


   
         ★(2011年辽宁卷书面表达) 假定你是李华,将与今年7月从新星外语学校毕业。你从报纸上得知B&B公司要招聘一名英文编辑,你很感兴趣。请给该公司写一封求职信,包括下列要点:1. 年龄;2. 学习情况及英语水平;3. 兴趣和特长; 4. 性格特点。
        ★(本报高二北师大新课程版第6期第4版)假设你是晨光中学的高二学生李华。最近,你得知某报社似选拔一些优秀学生寒假期间当兼职英语编辑,你想报名。请根据以下提示,用英语给报社写一封申请信:1. 说明你对此工作感兴趣的原因;2. 个人优势:知识面、语言能力、合作精神、相关经历等;3. 希望得到尽快回复。
        ★(2011年广东卷基础写作)以下是一本图书的基本信息及相关报道。
基本信息:1. 书名:Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother;2. 作者:Amy Chua,美籍华人,耶鲁大学教授;3. 出版时间:2010年;4. 内容:作者用中国传统方式教育两个女儿的故事;5. 效应:引发了中美教育方式孰优孰劣的讨论。
相关报道:1. 中文版:2011年初开始在中国销售;2. 意外反应:多数中国妈妈不赞同作者的做法;3. 最新消息:17岁的大女儿已被哈佛和耶鲁录取
        [写作内容] 根据以上信息写一篇图书介绍,内容包括:1. 图书的基本信息;2. 图书的相关报道。
        [写作要求] 只能用5个句子表达全部内容。
        [评分标准] 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章连贯。
        ★(本报高三北师大新课程版第45期4版) 2011年初,美国耶鲁大学华裔教授蔡美儿出版了《虎妈战歌》一书,介绍了她用中国教育方式管教两个女儿的经历。该书出版后,引发了关于中西方教育理念的大讨论。下表显示了中西方教育理念的一些不同:


中国式教育

西方的教育

1. 教育的重点在掌握知识;
2. 家长对孩子进行严格管理;
3. 家长要求子女实现父母的期望;

1. 教育的重点在培养能力;
2. 家长尊重孩子自己的决定;
3. 兴趣是孩子学习内在的动力;


        请你根据以上的素材,写一篇120词左右的英语短文,比较中西方的不同教育理念,并简短发表个人看法。生词提示:《虎妈战歌》 Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother; 蔡美儿:Amy Chua
        桃李不言,下自成蹊。《学生英语报》在2011年高考中取得了如此骄人的成绩,这既是对我们的工作给予了充分肯定,又给了我们巨大的鞭策!我们愿百尺竿头更进一步,努力工作,不负众望,在明年的高考中力助莘莘学子取得更好的成绩!
 

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