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素心守拙

那怕老态龙钟时,也愿保持一颗天真的心。

 
 
 

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高考英语经典句型必备  

2011-04-01 09:45:12|  分类: 英语学习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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高考英语经典句型必备
1.so + be/助动词/情态动词 + 主语 “……也……”(表示肯定意思)
neither/nor +动词/助动词/情态动词等 + 主语 “……也……”(表示否定意思)so + 主语 + 助动词
so it is with somebody = it’s the same with somebody
2、as 句型: as引导的非限制性定语从句
常用的结构有As is known to us all,  as we all know;…; as is often the case; as is said/mentioned above; as has been said before; as I told you before;as can be seen; as is/was expected; as we expect; as I can remember等。
 [注意1]as引导限制性定语从句时,常构成the same…as…; such…as…; so/as …as…等结构。
which引导的非限制性定语从句(也引导限制性定语从句)
3、prefer 与would rather 句型:
4、when 句型:1)主语 + be doing… when…(2)主语 + be about to do…when…;(3)主语+be on the point of (doing) …when (4)主语 + had done… when…
5.祈使句结构祈使句+ and/ or/or else/ otherwise + 主句(表结果)… “否则…,要不然…”
6. while引导的从句
7.强调句型:强调句的基本构成:It is/was + 被强调的部分 + who(指人时)/that + 其余部分
8 .疑问词+Do you think+陈述句式,what do you think of…
9.too…….. to与 so…. that句型:
10.where 句型:
11、…before… It was/ will (not) be + 时间段+before….“过了多久才”
12、Not --- until 句型
13、用于表示过去未实现的希望和计划的
14、倍数句型:①:倍数+比较级+than②倍数+ as+ adj./ adv.+ as③倍数+ the size / length / depth / height / of
15、 It is +形容词/过去分词/名词+ that ---- 句型
16、It +不及物动词+从句
17、比较句型:
18、感叹句型:
19、情态动词+ have done结构
20、动词不定式常用句型:
   (1) It takes / took / will take sb. some time / money to do sth.
   (2) It is + adj +for/of sb to do sth
   (3) Sb has no choice but to do... 某人除了做……别无选择.
 (4) do all he could to do sth do what he could to do sth do everything he could to do sth
  (5) ....形容词/副词+enough to do sth.
(6) It is hard to imagine/ say …   很难想象/说……
  (7) It cost sb some time/money to do sth
 21、动名词常用句型:
 (1) ...have trouble/difficulty/a hard time/a difficult time (in) doing sth.
 (2) upon/on doing sth, 一……就……
 (3) There is no/some difficulty/trouble (in) doing sth.
 (4) There is no need/use harm/hurry in doing sth
 (5) spend some time/money (in) doing sth
 (6) It's no use / good/ worth doing sth
 (7) It's a waste of time/money/energy doing
22.虚拟语气几种结构
(1)‘if’虚拟条件句
(2)在动词insist(1坚持做某事),order, command(2命令), advise, suggest, propose(3建议做某事),demand, require, request, ask(4要求)等表示建议、命令、要求的名词性从句中谓语动词要用虚拟语气。基本句型:主语+ (should) + 动词原形。
It’s suggested/ advised/ demanded/ordered/requested/proposed/required/desired等结构后的主语从句中,谓语动词用(should) + 动词原形。
suggest意思是“表明,暗示;说明”时;insist意思是“坚持观点,坚持看法”时,句子不能用虚拟语气。
(3)would rather that somebody did或had done…“宁愿……;更愿意……”
(4)as if/though+主语+did/had done…好像……
(5)Would you mind if +主语+did… .c.o.m
(6)It’s high/about time that somebody did (should do) (should通常不省略) …早就该……
(7)It is necessary/important/natural/impossible/essential(基本的)等结构后的主语从句中要用虚拟语气,即主语+(should)+动词原形
23、wish 句型
24.If only...! 真希望……!若是……那该多好啊!
25、since 句型:
26.what + be + 主语+ like
27、让步状语从句:
(1)、疑问词+ever whatever, whoever, whichever, whenever,
(2)、whatever, whoever, whichever, whomever等引导名词性从句,这时不能用no matter+疑问词替换。
(3) However + adj/adv + S + V, 尽管…… (4) Adj./n./adv. + as/ though+ Subject(主语)+ be, S + V~~~
(5) whether … or not     (6) even if/though
28.位置的表达法
29、表示最高级的句型:
   (1) Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V     Nothing is + more + 形容词 + than to + V
   (2) no one (nobody, nothing)+so/as+原级+as   (3) 比较级+than+any other +名词单数
   (4) 否定词 +比较级      例:It can’t be worse.  I can’t agree any more.
30、more --- than 句型:
31、形式宾语与宾语补语句型:
32、特殊的条件句:
   (1) Suppose/ Supposing ---, 假如……   (2) On condition that只要……;如果……
   (3) provided (that)/ providing ----- 只要……   (4) so/as long as
   (5) 祈使句+and + 陈述句(表肯定)。   (6) 祈使句+ or/otherwise +陈述句 (表否定)
   (7) …won't...unless... 除非……否则我不会……
33、There be 句型:
   (1) There is going to be…. . There will be….   (2) There is no doubt that... 毫无疑问,……
  (3)There seems to be... …看起来好像…… (4)There used to be... …过去曾有……./曾经有过…
   (5) There's no need to do…..   (6) There's no point in... ……是无意义的.
   (7)There is no need/use/harm/hurry in doing sth   (8) There no/some difficulty/trouble (in) doing sth 9. There is no time left to do sth
34.独立主格结构To be frank / honest, ...老实说,…….说实话,……. To start with, ...…首先,…….
To tell (you) the truth,... …说实话,……. Generally speaking,... 总的来说,…
35、名词(every time\ the next time \any time \the minute \the moment)用做连词连接两个句子的结构.
36、几种重要的表语从句句型:
   (1) What A is to B What C is   to D.  (2) It looks as if……
   (3)That is why /because……… (4) The reason why……is that……
37、几种重要的倒装句型:
 (1) only 倒装句   (2) so 倒装句    (3) such 倒装句
(4)含有否定意义的副词或短语放在句首的倒装句   (5)介词短语提前  (6 not only --- but also 倒装句
38、so/such… that句型
39.be +动词不定式(即be + to do sth.)的用法对于该结构的考查主要是be to do的含义及用法。以及be to do与be about to do ; be going to do;be on the point of doing 的区别
42. with复合结构,
43、have ,leave keep,make,find复合宾语句型:   (1) have sb do sth   (2) have sb doing    (3) have sth done
44.几个重要的目的状语从句句型:    (1) in case   (2) for fear (that)   (3) so that   (4) in order that
45.几个难掌握的主语从句和宾语从句
   (1) You may take whatever(=anything/everything that)you like.
   (2) Whoever(=Anyone who) cuts the trees down must be punished.
47.一……就……. 的句式
48.有关it的几个特殊句型:
   (1) owe it to sb. that…把…归功于…   (2) take it for granted that …想当然
   (3) keep it in mind that…   (4). It用在不能直接跟宾语从句的动词后面,尤其是表示好恶的动词后, enjoy, like, love, dislike, hate, be fond of, feel like, see to, appreciate, stand 宾语从句紧跟it之后
 49.列举、说明句型:
   (1) on the one hand --- ; on the other hand   (2) For one thing ---; for another thing ---
   (3) It is one thing to...; it is another to...   (4) what's more ---; morever ---; furthermore ---
   (5) Firstly ---; secondly ---; finally ---   (6) In the first place ---; in the second place ---
   (7)First of all/to begin with ---; in addition/besides ---
50.总结句型:
   (2) To sum up,总而言之, …   (3) In short...   总之……(4) In a word , it is clear that…总之,很明显……
   (5) In conclusion …结论之, …   (6) All in all, it is obvious that …..总之,很明显…….
51.There was a time when…
52.It is likely that…
53.This is the first time that+从句(用完成时态)
54.make,think,feel, find, consider+it+形容词/名词+其他
55.as…as possible, as far as ,as well as, as soon as, as long as
56.happen 的句式    57.I don’t think。。。

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