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素心守拙

那怕老态龙钟时,也愿保持一颗天真的心。

 
 
 

日志

 
 

.高考高频动词短语(三)  

2011-03-06 18:57:41|  分类: 英语学习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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3、其他常用短语(按字母表顺序)
(1)Aa

a balance diet 均衡饮食                       a best-seller 畅销书     

a bit = a little = a little bit 少许,一点儿,有点儿,稍微

a bit of 一点,少量(修饰不可数名词)

[ 比较:a few 一些,少量(修饰可数名词)

a great deal of 许多(修饰不可数名词)

a great / good many = scores of 许多,大量(修饰可数名词)

a handful of 一把,少量的,少数(修饰可数或不可数名词)

a large / great amount of = large amounts of 许多(修饰不可数名词)

a large quantity of = large quantities of 许多(修饰可数或不可数名词)

a lot of = lots of 许多(修饰可数或不可数名词)

a mass of = masses of 大量,许多(修饰可数或不可数名词)

a (large / great) number of = large / huge numbers of 大量的,许多(修饰可数名词)

plenty of 大量的,很多,足够的(修饰可数或不可数名词)

a bunch of flowers 一束花                        a cloud of 一团

a couple of 一对/双,两三个,一些,几个

a couple of days / weeks 两三天/周           a cup of 一杯

a day or two = one or two days 一两天             a deserted island 荒岛

a healthy diet = a diet of healthy food(s) 健康的饮食人

a large sum of money 一大笔钱                 a length of … 长……         

a list of 一张……的清单                          a live concert 现场直播的音乐会             

a natural disaster 自然灾害                        a packet of 一盒,一捆,一包   

a pair of 一双,一副                                a piece of 一件,一块,一张            

a row of 一排,一行                                     a series of 一系列的,一连串,一套

a set of 一套,一副                                 a shortage of teachers 教师资源的缺乏

a third of = one third of 三分之一                     a total failure 一个彻底的失败者

a total of 总数(量)为                            a two-day trip 一次两天的旅行                

a variety of = varieties of = various 种种的,种类繁多的

a waste of (time) 白费(时间),浪费(时间) a man of name 知名人士

a world of magic and wonders 充满魔力和神奇的世界

after all 毕竟,终究                                 after a short while 不久以后,没多久       

after a time 一段时间以后                        after class / work / school 下课/下班/放学之后

all alone = all by oneself 独自,独立          all at once = all of a sudden 突然,忽然

all day = all day long 全天,终日               all in all 总共,总的来说

all kinds / sorts of 各种各样的                  all night long 整夜,通宵                  

all one’s life 终身,一生                           all over 到处,遍及,结束

all over the world / country = throughout the world / country 整个世界/全国

all right 好吧,行了,(病)好了            all the best 祝一切顺利,万事如意

all the same 一样,同样的                        all the time 一直

all the way 一路上,一直                         all together 一起,总共      

all (the) year round = all through the year= throughout the year 一年四季,一年到头

an invitation to… 一张……的请柬/请贴     an expert on … ……方面的专家

as a consequence / result 结果,因此

as a consequence / result of 作为(……的)结果,由于……的结果

as a whole 普遍来说,作为整体               as … as 像,如同                     

as … as possible = as…as one can 尽可能……地

as far as (表示程度,范围)就/尽……(=so far as),远至

as far as I know 就我所知,据我所知              as follows如下(用以列举事项)

as if = as though 好像,似乎,仿佛(比较:even if = even though 虽然,即使,尽管)

as long as 只要(= so long as引导条件状语从句),长达

as much / many as 多达                                   as soon as 一……就……

as soon as possible 尽快,尽可能早地      as to / for 至于,关于,就……而言

as usual 像往常一样                                 as well 也/还有(= too),同样地,例外     

as well as = together with = and 也,以及,和,还,而且

as with ... 也一样,就像……                  

at all 根本(否定句),到底(疑问句),竟然(条件从句)

at a loss 茫然,不知所措                         at an early age 年轻时

at any moment / time 随时                

[ 比较:after a moment = after a while / minute 过了一会儿

        a moment ago = just now 刚才,不久以前

a moment later 片刻之后

at the moment = at the time 此刻,现在,在那时

        at the very moment 就在那一刹那

        for a moment = for a while / minute 一会儿

        for the moment = for the time being 暂时,目前

in a moment = in a while /minute / second 过一会儿,立刻,马上

the moment / minute (that) ... 一……就 ……]

at any risk 不顾一切

[比较:at risk 处于危险中

       at the risk of (doing sth) 冒着(可能做某事)的危险

       take / run a risk / risks 冒险

       risk one’s life (to do sth) 冒着生命危险(做某事)

       risk doing sth 冒险做某事)]

at birth 出生时,一生下来就                    at breakfast 在吃早饭                              

at hand 近在手边,在附近                       at home 在家                                          

(at) home and abroad 在国内外                 at last 终于,最后                                   

at length 最后,终于,详细地                  at midnight 在半夜

at night 在夜里,天黑时                          at noon 在中午

at once = right away = right now 马上,立即

at one go 一口气                                      at present = at the present time 现在, 目前

at sea 在海上,航海中,茫然

(比较:by sea 乘船

        by the sea 在海边

        in the sea 在海里

       on the sea 在海面上)

at stake 在危险中                                     at such a great height 在如此高的高度             

at table 在吃饭(比较:at the table 在桌前)

at times 偶尔,有时

(比较:at that time 那时                        

at the same time = meanwhile 同时           

at the correct / wrong / best time of year 在一年里合适/不合适/最佳时候)

at various academic levels 不同的学术层次

at war 处于战争/交战状态                       at work 忙于工作

at the age of ... 在……岁的时候               at the art festival 在艺术节上,在艺术节期间

at the base 在底部

at the (very) beginning of ... 在……开始时,在……之初

at the bottom of 在……下端/底部             at the cost of 以……为代价       

at the end of 在……末端,到……结束时

at the foot of 在……的脚下                      at the front desk 在前台,在服务台         

at the head of 在……最前面                            at a high /low price 以高/低价

at the latest 最迟                

at (the) least 至少 [比较:at (the) most 最多]

at the mercy of 任由……摆布/控制,在……的掌握中

at the opening /closing (ceremony) of ... 在……开/闭幕式上

at the rate of 以……的比率                      at the side of 在……的旁边

at the speed of 以……速度 (比较:at full / high speed 高速)

at the top of one’s voice 大声地                at the weekend 在周末 

accept … as… 认为……是……,承认……是……,把……当作……

[比较:regard … as… 认为……是

      treat … as…把…… 当作

      recognize … as… 认为……是……

       view / see / know … as… 认为……是……

      consider … as … / consider … (to be…) 认为……是……

      look on … as… 视……为

      refer to … as… 把……视为

think of… as… / think … (to be…) 认为……是……]

accept sb’s apology 接受某人的道歉

accuse sb of sth / doing sth 指控某人为……/ 做某事

achieve one’s goal 达到目的                            achieve success 获得成功

act as 担任,充当                                    adapt to (改变以)适应

adapt oneself to 使自己适应于                 adapt to the new environment 适应新环境 

add to 增加,添加                                  add …to… 把……加到……上

add up 加起来                                        add up to 总计达到

adjust to (调整以)适应                         adjust to these extreme conditions 适应极限条件

admire sb as… 钦佩某人是……               

admire sb for… 钦佩某人的……,因……钦佩某人

advance the deadline 提前最后期限           advance towards… 朝……前进

advise sb to do sth 建议某人做某事

agree with sb / sb’s opinion / sb’s idea 同意某人(意见,看法),与某人看法一致

[ 比较:agree on sth 对……达成共识

agree to (the plan) 同意(计划等)]

aim at 向……瞄准,旨在,针对                     allow for 顾及,为……做准备

answer for… 对……负责                        

apologize to sb (for sth) = make an apology to sb (for sth) (因某事)向某人道歉

appeal to 有吸引力,呼吁,上诉              appeal to their emotions 投合他们的喜好

apply for 申请,请求                               apply to 应用,适用                  

appoint sb as… 任命某人当……               approve of 赞成

argue about 争论某事                               argue with sb about sth 因某事和某人争执/争论

arrive in / at 到达某地                              ask after sb 问候某人                             

ask for 要求得到                                     ask for a day off 请一天假

ask for a leave 请假                                  associate…with… 把……与……联系起来

attach to 加在……之上,使喜爱,使依恋,参加,附着

attempt to do sth 试图做某事                    attend school / university 上学/上大学

attend the meeting 出席会议                      attend to 处理,照顾,关照,倾听

attract / draw / call sb’s attention 吸引某人注意

above all 首要的是,尤其是                     according to 根据

action film / movie 动作片                        advanced mathematics 高等数学

again and again 一次又一次,一再,反复

against the wall 靠着墙

ahead of… 优于,超过,比……早,在……的前面

alarm clock 闹钟                                      along with… 和……一起

and so on 等等                                        and things like that ……之类的东西

another day 改天                                      any more 再,又

apart from 除……都,除……以外          

around the corner 在拐角处,即将来临    

(比较:on the way = in store 即将来临

draw near 即将来临,就要来临,逼近 )


(2)Bb

be after 寻找,追踪,追求                       be /act against 违背,违反,反对

be from 从……来,是……人                   be next to 在……隔壁,紧挨着……

be off / leaving 离开                                 be out (灯火)熄灭,(人)外出

be out of 没有,用完                               be up 起床

be up against 面对                                    be up to sb 由某人决定      

be up to sth 忙于某事,从事于                 be upon 逼近,临近

be anxious about … 为……而忧虑/着急/担心

(比较:be anxious for … 渴望,非常希望

be concerned about / for… 为……而忧虑/着急/担心

        be concerned about / with… 对……关切/关注/感兴趣)

be careful about / of / with sth 注意,留意,当心

[比较:be careful (not) to do sth 小心(不)做某事]

be clear about 对……清楚                       be crazy about 对……着迷

be curious about = have the curiosity about 对……感到好奇

be excited about 对…… 感到兴奋            be particular about 对……挑剔

be amazed at 为……感到惊讶                   be experienced at 对……有经验               

be present at 出席                                    be shocked at 对……感到震惊

be common for 对……来说是很普通的   

be eager for … = long for… = be dying for… 渴望得到……

(比较:be eager to do sth 急着想做某事)

be famous for 因……而闻名,由于……而出名

(比较:be famous as 作为……而闻名

be famous to 对……来说很出名)

be fit for = be suitable for 适合

be good / bad for sb 对……有好处/坏处

(比较:be good at 善于……,擅长于……,在……方面做得好

be good to sb 对某人友好

do good to sb = do sb good 对某人有好处

do harm to sb = do sb harm = harm sb = be harmful to sb 对某人有害,伤害某人)

be honored for… 因……受到尊敬            be intended for 为了

be late for 迟到(比较:be late with sth 某事做得晚)

be to blame for 因……受到责备               be carved in rock 被刻在岩石上

be caught in (a rain / a traffic jam / the earthquake) 突然/偶然遇到(雨/交通堵塞/地震)

be confident in 在……方面自信                be effective in 在……方面有效               

 

be fluent in (a language) 在(某一门语言)方面很流利

be lost in = lose oneself in 沉浸于,沉醉于be poor / low in 在……方面不足

be quick in mind and action 思维敏捷行动迅速

be rich / high in 在……方面丰富              be set in 以……为背景              

be strong in heart and mind 意志坚强,头脑聪明

be trapped in 被困在……(比较:be trapped by 被……所困)

be afraid of = be terrified of 害怕,恐惧(比较:be afraid to do 害怕去做,不敢做)

be ashamed of 为……感到羞愧/惭愧        be aware of 意识到,知道                       

be fond of = care for = like = enjoy 爱好,喜欢

be full of = be filled with 充满了,装满     be jealous of 嫉妒

be short of = be lacking in 缺乏,缺少       be sure of / about 对……有把握

be uncertain of / about 对……没把握        be accustomed to (doing) sth 习惯于……

be addicted to 沉溺于                              

be loyal to = be faithful to = be devoted to 忠诚于

be opened to 向……开放

be reduced to 30% 减少到百分之30%(指最后的结果)

[比较:be reduced by 30% 减少了百分之30%(指与原来相对而言)]

be similar to 与……相似,与……相像      be angry with sb for sth 因某事生某人的气     

be armed with 以……武装                        be burdened with 为……所累

be busy with sth 忙于某事

(比较:be busy doing sth 忙于做某事

be occupied with sth 忙于某事

be occupied in doing sth 忙于做某事)

be covered with / by 被……所覆盖           be crowded with 挤/塞满了……

be diagnosed with 被诊断为                     

be equipped with 具有,装有……设备,为……做好准备

be faced with 面临……,面对……           be familiar with 对……很熟悉                 

be fed up with 对……感到厌倦                be honest with 对……诚实

be mean with 对……吝啬                        

be pleased / satisfied with 对……感到满意

(比较:be content with 对……感到满意,满足于……

be content to do sth 愿意做某事)

be popular with 受到……的欢迎             be pressed with 被刻印/铸压上                

be strict with sb 对某人严格要求       (比较:be strict in sth 对某事严格要求)

be surrounded with / by 被……围绕         be about to do sth 正要做某事                 

be delighted to do sth 高兴做某事             

be determined to do = determine / decide to do sth 决心做……

be due to do sth 预定/到期应该做某事(比较:due to sth 因为/由于……)

be forced to do sth 被迫做某事                 be free to do sth 任意去做,悉听尊便             

be likely to do sth 很有可能做某事           be supposed to do 被认为/被期望/应该做某事

be willing to do = like to do 愿意做某事     be able to do 能,会                         

be absent from 缺席,旷课                       be asleep 睡着(比较:be awake 醒着) 

be awarded a Nobel Prize 获得诺贝尔奖   

be badly off 潦倒,贫困(比较:be well off 富有)

be badly treated 受到虐待                         be born 出生,出世

be / become endangered 频临危险            

be in contact with 与……有交往

(比较:make contact with 与……联络

lose / break contact with 与……失去联系

lose touch with = be out of touch with 与……失去联系

be in touch with = stay / keep in touch with 与……保持联系

get in touch with = get into contact with sb 与……取得联系

bring … into touch with 使……接触,使……认识

keep track of… 与……保持联系,了解……的动态,记录……)

be in possession of = take possession of 持有,拥有,占有,占领

(比较:be in sb’s possession = be in the possession of sb 被某人占有/拥有

        come into sb’s possession 被某人占有/拥有)

be in the charge of 在某人的掌管下,由某人经营/照顾

(比较:be in charge of 掌管,管理,照顾)

be mentally disturbed 精神失常                 be of benefit 有利的,有好处的        

be of (no) effect 有(无)效

be of different sizes / weights / shapes 大小不一/重量不同/形状各异

(比较:be of the same size / weight / shape 大小/重量/形状相同)

be of great importance / value 非常重要,有重要性

be of high / good quality 高质量的(比较:be of poor quality 质量糟糕的)

be of (no) use 有(无)用                       be on good terms (with sb) 与某人关系好

be stressed out 紧张的,有压力的            be upset 沮丧,伤心   

be well received 很受欢迎                         be (well) worth doing(很)值得做

[比较:be worthy of sth / of being done / to be done 值得(做)……]

by accident = by chance 偶然地, 碰巧,意外

by air / boat / bus / train 乘坐飞机/小船/公共汽车/火车

by and by 不久以后,逐渐地                   by appointment 按约定              

by choice 出于选择(比较:for choice 要选就选)

by day / night 白天/ 晚上                         by fax 通过传真  

by force 靠武力                                       by hand = with one’s hands 手工

by law 根据法律                                      by mail 通过邮寄                                    

by means of (doing) sth 通过,借助于……手段

(比较:by all means = in all ways 不惜一切

by no means = in no way 决不,一点也不

by this means = in this way 用这种方法)

by mistake = in error 由于错误或疏忽,错误地

by weight 按重量计算(比较:by the hour / day 按小时/天计算)

by the end of 到……结束为止,到……底为止

by the nearest exit 从最近的出口出去        by the side of 在……附近

by the time 到……的时候(后接状语从句)

by the way 顺便说,顺便问一下

[ 比较:by way of … 经由,经过, 通过……的方法

in a way = in one way = in some way 在某种程度上

in no way 决不, 一点也不

in the / sb’s way 挡道,妨碍

in this / that way 以这种/那种方式,这样/那样

in … way = in the way of 以……的方式

this / that way 这样/那样(直接做状语)

on one’s way here / there / home (adv.) 在(到这里/去那里/回家)的路上

on one’s way to doing sth 即将做某事

on one’s way to someplace (n.) 在去某地的路上

on the way 在路上,在来/去的行进中

on the way home 在回家的路上,即将来临

out of the way 不挡道

feel one’s way 摸索着道路(前进)

fight one’s way 挣扎着前进,经(奋斗或努力)开路或获得(某事物)

find one’s way to 设法找到去……的路

lose one’s way 迷路

make one’s way to 朝……走去

push one’s way 挤过去

struggle one’s way 艰难地行进]

base on sth 以……为基础(比较:be based on / upon 以……为基础)

beg for 乞求                                                  become of 发生……情况,怎么啦

believe in 信赖,信任,信仰 (真理,宗教,原则),支持,赞成

bend over 弯腰,俯身

benefit from = profit by / from 从……吸取教训,从……中获益

blow away 吹走                                       blow out 吹灭

blow the fire off 熄火,把火吹灭              brush one’s teeth 刷牙

build up 逐步建立,增进,增加,加强,扩大

burden sb / oneself with sth 加负担于某人 / 自己

burn down 烧毁,烧成平地                            burn down… to the ground 把……烧成平地

burn up 消耗,烧掉                                 burst into 闯入,突然破门而入

burst into sth = burst out doing 迸发,突然而猛烈地产生某种情况

(比较:burst into laughter = burst out laughing 突然大笑起来

burst into tears 眼泪夺眶而出

burst into cheers 突然欢呼)

burst out (doing ) 迸发出来,突然开始(做)

bed time 就寝时间                                          Beijing Opera 京剧

before long 不久以后(比较:long before 很久以前)

belong to sb / sth 属于某人/某事               below / above zero 零度以下/上

body building 健美                                   body language 身势语

boiled water 开水                                     both … and … 两个都,既……又……    

business hours 营业时间                          bus station / stop 汽车站/公共汽车站

but for 如果不是,倘若不是     

Better late than never. 迟做总比不做好。


(3)Cc

calculate the distance between… 计算出……的距离

calm down 平静,镇定                                   can’t help but do sth 忍不住做某事

can’t help doing sth 禁不住做某事,情不自禁做某事

carbon dioxide 二氧化碳                           card games 纸牌游戏

care about 对……感兴趣,关心,担心

(比较:care for 喜欢,关怀,照顾,照料

care for sb to do sth 愿意某人做

care to do sth 愿意做)

carry away 拿走,使入迷                        carry off 夺走,携走

carry on 继续进行,坚持下去                  carry on research 进行研究

carry out (an experiment / a plan / an order / a survey) 开展或执行(实验/计划/命令/调查)

cast away 抛弃                                        catch a glimpse of 瞥见

catch fire = be on fire 着火,开始燃烧

catch / find sb doing sth 发现/发觉某人正在做某事

cause damage to… 对……造成破坏          cell phone 移动电话,手机

centre on / upon… 将……当做重点或中心

(比较:centre / concentrate / fasten / fix / focus one’s attention on 把注意力集中于)

chain stores 连锁店                                  change A for B 用A换B

change A into B 把A变成B,把A转换成B

change one’s mind 改变主意                     charge… for 收费,要价                        

charge sth with… 使某事物充满……(情感)(比较:be charged with 充满……)

chat on line 网上聊天                               check in 登记,报到

check out 查明,核查,结帐                   check information 审核情况                     

cheer sb on 为某人加油                           cheer sb up 使某人高兴起来,使某人振作起来

chemical factory 化工厂                           child laborer 童工

Christmas card / tree / Eve 圣诞卡/树/前夕       classical music 古典音乐

classify … into … 把……分类成……              clean out 清除,打扫干净

clear away 清除掉,消散,清除打扫,整理

clear up 打扫卫生,梳理整齐,(天气)放晴,露出喜悦的表情

close friends 密友                                    close down 倒闭

close up (尤指暂时)关闭,使靠近        close to 靠近,接近

combine…with… 把……和……结合起来 comment on / upon… 对……进行评论      commit the / a crime 犯罪                         common sense 常识,情理

communicate sth to sb 使某事物被人知晓,传送某事物给某人

communicate with… 与……交流/联络      compare notes 交换意见,交流看法

compare … to… 把……比作…                compare with … 与……相比     

compete against… 与……相对抗             compete for… 为……而竞争           

compete in 参加(竞赛)                         compete with… 与……竞争/比赛

complain of 抱怨……                               computer / video games 电子游戏

congratulate sb on sth 祝贺某人某事        

connect to 连接,相连(比较:be connected to 与……有关系)

connect with … 与……相连接

contribute to 有利于,贡献,捐款给,为……投稿

cool off 变凉,冷却,冷                          copy sb’s example 仿照某人,照某人的样子做

cover an entire continent 覆盖整个大陆     cover the events 采访事件,报道事件

create a positive / negative effect 产生积极/消极的作用/影响

cross out 划掉                                         crowd around (许多人)围着                

cultural relics / sites 文化古迹                   current affairs 时事                                 

Cheer up. 振作起来。提起精神。            Come on! 来!快呀!


(4)Dd

dance to the music 伴随音乐起舞

date from = date back to 始于……时期,追溯到

day after day 日复一日(强调重复)        day by day 一天天地(强调逐渐变化)

day and night 日日夜夜地                         deal with = do with 处理,解决,对付

depend on / upon = rely on / upon 依靠,依赖,信赖,靠……来决定

develop a lifelong friendship with sb 与某人成为终身朋友

develop the photos 冲洗照片

devote … to… 把……贡献给……,献身于……,专心于……

[比较:be devoted to (doing) sth 投身于

be devoted to sb 喜欢某人]

die away 逐渐消失,减弱(以至感觉不到),淡化

die down 逐渐降低,减弱,消失,平息

die from 因……而死,死于(除了疾病或情感以外的原因,及某种具体疾病)

die of (illness, hunger, grief, etc.) 因……而死,死于(疾病,饥饿,悲伤等情感内因)

die off 一一死去,先后死去                    

die out = become extinct 灭绝,绝迹,消失

differ from = be different from 与……不同,区别于

dig up 挖出,掘起                                   dining room 餐厅

dip into sth 把……放入液体中,浏览,翻阅

display one’s deep sympathy 表达某人深切的同情

distinguish A from B 显示A和B(两者)的差别,使A和B有所不同

(比较:distinguish between A and B 区别/辨别A 和B)

divide … into 把……分成,使……分隔开

divide up 分配                                          double one’s efforts 加倍努力

dozens of 几十                                         draw a conclusion 得出结论

draw attention to 对……表示注意             draw back 后退

draw up 起草,拟定                                dream of 梦到                   

dream of / about doing sth 梦想做某事      dress up 化装打扮,乔装打扮                 

dress up as… 打扮/装饰成……                     drink a toast 祝酒                                          

drink to sb / sth 为……而干杯或祝福              drive off 击退, 把(车)开走                 

drop by 访问,拜访                                 drop in 顺便走访,拜访                          

drop in on sb 顺便拜访某人                      drop in at sp 顺便拜访某地

drop off 放下(某物),下车                  drop out (of…) (从竞赛、活动等)退出,辍学

drop sb a line 给某人写短信                     during the day 在白天  

during / in the 1980s / 1980’s 20世纪80年代

during / in / throughout one’s lifetime 在某人的一生中


(5)Ee

each other 互相,彼此(比较:one another 相互,彼此       )

earn / make / gain a / one’s living 谋生              earn / make money 挣钱,赚钱

 

eat up 吃完,吃光

either…or … 或者……或者……,要么……要么……

[比较:neither … nor … 既不……也不……

       not…but… 不是……而是……

not only …but also… 不仅……而且……(前句用于句首时,须倒装)]

end up with … 以……结束/告终

(比较:begin / start with 以……开始

close with 以……结束/告终

end up 结束,告终,最后得到……的结局/下场

end in failure / prison 以失败/坐牢而告终.

end in a tie 以平局结束)

engage to sb 与某人订婚                          English-speaking countries 说英语的国家

enjoy equal rights 享有平等权利                enjoy oneself 过得愉快,玩得开心

escape from 免于/逃脱……,从……泄露出

every day 每天                                      everyday use 日常使用

every few years 每隔几年

(比较:every four years = every fourth year 每四年,每隔三年

        every two years = every second year = every other year 每两年,每隔一年)

every now and then 不时地                             ever since 从……以来,从那时起           

except for 除了……之外                        exchange student 交换生 

exist in 存在于……                               experience life 体验生活

experiment with 进行实验,进行试验      

explain sth to sb = explain to sb sth 向某人解释某事

express oneself 表达自己的意思               Excuse me. 对不起。

Everything / All goes well. 一切顺利。


(6)Ff

face to face 面对面 (比较:hand in hand 手拉手,密切关联)      

fail in doing sth 没做成某事                     fail to do sth 无法做某事

fall asleep 入睡 (比较:fall ill 病了,患病,病倒)

fall behind (成就,成绩)落后于            fall down 摔下来,倒塌

fall in love with sb 爱上某人(比较:be in love with sb 与某人相爱)

fall into 陷入,落入                                 fall off 跌落,下降

fall over 跌倒,摔倒                                fall to / into pieces 垮台,崩溃,解体,倒塌

fairy tale 童话                                          family name 姓氏

family tree 家谱                                      fax machine 传真机

far away 遥远,很远                               far from… 远离……

fasten / tie … to… 把……栓/别在……上feast on sth 宴饮,尽情地享受……          

feed … on 喂养,饲养(比较:feed on / upon … 以……为食)        

feel down 感到闷闷不乐                          feel like doing sth 想做某事

feel well / terrible / better / weak 感觉好/糟/好些/虚弱

fight against 与……作斗争/打架/打仗

fight for sth 为……而斗争,争取获得某事物

fight over 为……而战,因……而争吵/争斗

fight sb / sth off 抗击某人/某事物,击退某人/某事物

fight with 与……并肩作战

figure out 理解,想明白,算出                fill in 填空,填写

fill out 把……填好                                   fill with 用……填充

fill A with B 把B装进A里,把A装满B

fill up with… 用……装满

find out 获知,查明,查出,弄明白,发现,了解

fire escapes 安全梯                                  fire exit 安全出口

first aid 急救                                           fish farms 渔场

fit in 被他人接受,相处融洽

fit in (with sb / sth) 与(某人/某事物)相适应/相协调

fix a time / date for 为……确定时间/日期

fix up 搭起,安装,修理,修补               folk song 民歌

follow customs 随俗,按照习惯               follow sb’s instructions 遵从某人的指示  

follow / take sb’s advice 听某人的劝告      follow the rules 按照规则去做

forget about 忘记了                                 

for a period of several weeks / months 在几周/几个月的一段时间里

for ever = for good 永远

for example = for instance 例如 (比较:such as … 例如……,像……这样)     

for free = free of charge = without payment 免费(比较:at one’s own charge / expense 自费)

for once 就这/那一次                               for one thing…, for another 首先……,其次……

for the first time 第一次,初次,首先

[比较:at first = in / at the beginning 起初,首先

at first sight 第一眼,乍一看,初见之下

first of all 第一,首先,最重要

in the first place (用于列举理由时)首先,第一,原先

the first time 第一次,初次(后接状语从句)]

for the reason 因为                                 

for the sake of 由于,为了……的利益,为了……起见

free from 不受……的影响,没有……的

from now on 从现在开始,今后     from then on = from that moment on 从那时起

from … to … 从……到……                            from time to time 有时,不时,偶尔

from one country to another = from country to country 从一个国家到另一个国家

from one generation to another 一代接一代地

full dress 盛装                                         further education 进修,深造


(7)Gg

gain weight = put on weight 发福,增加体重,增肥(比较:lose weight 减肥)

gas station 加油站                                   generally speaking 总的来说,一般来说

gift money 压岁钱                                    given / first name 名字

glance at 匆匆一瞥                                   glare at 怒视

graduate from… 毕业于……                    greenhouse effect 温室效应

green tea 绿茶                                          grow up 生长,长大

grow up to be… 长大后成为……             Good luck! 祝你好运!

Good morning / afternoon / evening! 早上/下午/晚上好

 
(8)Hh

had better (do) 最好(做)                       hand down 流传下去

hand in 交上去,提出,面交                    hand out 散发,分发,发放

hang on 等一等,别挂电话                      hang up 挂断电话

hang out (俚语)闲逛

harmony with others 与其他人和睦相处,与其他人相处和谐

hear about / of 听说,知道                       hear from sb 收到某人来信

heart and soul 全心全意地                        here and there 各处,处处,四处            

help sb out 救助,帮助某人解决困难,帮助某人摆脱困境

help sb with sth 帮助某人做某事              high school 中学,高中             

hit sb on the head / in the face 打某人的头部/脸部

hold/keep / stick to 坚持,忠于                     hold together 连在一起,团结一致

home cooking 家常做法                           home village 家乡 

hope / wish for 希望得到,对……怀着希望

host the Olympic Games 主办奥运会         hour after hour 一小时又一小时

how many / much 多少(可数名词)/多少钱(或不可数名词)

how far 多远                                           how long多久                                         

how often 多久一次,多常                      how old 几岁

human being 人,人类                            hundreds of 几百,成百上千的

hunt animals 狩猎                                    hunt for = search for 搜寻,寻找                    

hurry up 赶快,快点                             Hands up. 举起手来。

Help oneself to sth 请随便吃。                  How are you? 你(身体)好吗?

How do you do! 你好!                            How is it going? 情况怎么样?

Here you are. 给你。(比较: There you are. 你来了。)


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