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素心守拙

那怕老态龙钟时,也愿保持一颗天真的心。

 
 
 

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小知识点:can't help 的用法  

2011-03-28 13:44:05|  分类: 英语学习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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     I can't help that I'm overweight... 我过度肥胖, 是没有办法的事(这不能怪我)……。

这里can't help的意思是“没有办法, 控制不了, 是没有办法的事”, 后面还可以加上it。例如:
  I can’t help it if he doesn’t come. 如果他不来, 我也没办法。
  We can't help it that things went badly. 没有办法, 事情进展得不顺利。
  She talked too much; she couldn't help it / herself. 她说得太多;她控制不住(自己)。
另外, can't help 还有以下三个用法:
  1. can't help doing sth. 禁不住做某事, 不由得不做某事。例如:
  Hearing the funny story, we couldn't help laughing. 听到这个有趣的故事, 我们禁不住笑了起来。
  He failed in the examination and couldn't help feeling sad. 他考试没通过, 不由得不感到难过。
  2. can't help sb. doing sth. 不能使某人不做某事(某情况是无法改变的)。例如:
  I can't help him saying that. 我不能使他不说那些话。
  I can't help him leaving here so soon, for he is so busy. 我不能使他不这么早就离开这里, 因为他很忙。
  We couldn't help their seeing us. 我不能使他们不见到我们。
  3. can't help but (do) 不由得不……, 不能不。例如:
  You can't help but respect them. 你不能不尊敬他们。
  When the road is covered with water, you can't help but get your shoes wet. 当路上覆盖着水, 你不由得不弄湿你的鞋。
  When a friend invites you to his birthday party, you can't help but go. 当一个朋友邀请你参加他的生日聚会, 你不能不去

can’t help to do sth与can’t help doing sth例题解析

 

  请看下面的试题:
  He knows nothing about it, so he can’t help _________ any of your work. 
  A. doing
  B. to do
  C. being doing
  D. to be done
  【分析】此题答案应选B。比较以下结构:
  can’t help to do sth 不能帮助做某事
  can’t help doing sth 禁不住做某事,情不自禁地做某事
  请看例句:
  I can’t help to do it. 我不能帮忙做这事。
  He couldn’t help to wash the clothes. 我不能帮忙洗衣服。
  She couldn’t help smiling. 她禁不住笑了起来。
  She couldn’t help envying Helen. 她不由得不妒忌海伦。
  We cannot help being impressed by their zeal. 我们不由得不被他们的热情感动。
  英语有时还可说can’t help somebody doing something不能使某人不做某事。如:
  I couldn’t help him saying that. 我不能让他不这样说。
  We couldn’t help them seeing us. 我们无法让他们不看到我们。
  She could not help the tears of rage rolling down her face. 她止不住她愤怒的眼泪顺着面颊流下来。
  又如下面一题,答案也是 B:
  She can’t help _________ the house because she’s busy making cake.
  A. cleaning
  B. to clean
  C. cleaned
  D. being cleaned
  再请看以下试题:
  While shopping, people sometimes can’t help _________ into buying something they don’t really need.
  A. to persuade
  B. persuading
  C. being persuaded
  D. be persuaded
  此题应选C,句中的 can’t help 意为“禁不住”(注意根据句意用被动形式

can't help, can't bear, can't stand的用法

 

1、can't help
无法控制、忍不住做某事、不能停止做某事(can't help sth./can't help doing sth./can't help oneself)
I can't help it if she's late, can I?
I always get angry with him, I just can't help it.
I can't help thinking that we've made a big help hearing what you just said.
Sue doens't always mean to be so rude but sometimes she just can't help herself.

2、can't bear
忍受不了 (can't bear sth./can't bear to do sth., can't bear sb. doing sth.)
Oh, I can't bear that man---he really irritates me!
I just can't bear that kind of selfishness.
He can't bear people smoking while he's eating.
Please don't leave me all alone, I couldn't bear it.
Alison couldn't bear to leave and cried all the way to the ariport.

3、can't stand
通常用于口语:  不能忍受(某人、某物、做某事):
常用于can't stand sth./can't stand doing/can't stand to do/can't stand sb. doing sth.
I can't stand whiskey. 威士忌我受不了。
I'm so mad, I an hardly stand the sight of him. 我非常恼火,几乎一看见他就讨厌。
I can't stand to see good food going to waste.
Lily can't stand working in an office.
I can't stand people dropping litter.

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