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素心守拙

那怕老态龙钟时,也愿保持一颗天真的心。

 
 
 

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2011高考英语短文改错测试重点及分类解析(二)  

2011-03-02 14:48:01|  分类: 英语学习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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                                                        第七节 数 词

  1. 检查有无基数词与序数词之间的误用。

  2. 检查在表示几百、 几千、 几百万等数字时表述是否正确。

  3. 检查分数的表达是否正确。

  4. 检查在表示“历史上的几十年代和某人几十岁时”的表达方式是否正确。

  5. 检查数词与其他词构成的复合形容词是否正确。
练习

  1. About three-fifth of the workers of that steel works are young people.

  2. When he was in his fifty, he moved to England.

  3. 439 is four hundreds and thirty-nine.

  4. The sun is 93 millions miles away from the earth.

  5. This big steel plant has a thousand of workers.

  6. Hundred of people attended the meeting last night.

  7. People lived a hard life in forties.

  8. 333 is three hundred thirty-three.

  9. He wrote a two-thousand-words report.

  10. There are about three hundreds people in the park on National Day.

注 释

  1. three-fifth → three-fifths, 分数表达法是分子用基数词, 分母用序数词, 当分子大于1时, 分母应加s。

  2. fifty → fifties, in his fifties(在他五十多岁时), in the fifties(在50年代)。
3. hundreds → hundred.

  4. millions → million.

  5. a thousand of warders → a thousand worker. Hundred, thousand,

million等词在表示具体数字时, 都不加s, 在表示不确定数字时加s, 同时加of, 如: hundreds of数百; thousands of 数千。

  6. Hundred → Hundreds.

  7. forties → the forties, 指40年代。

  8. hundred → hundred and.

  9. two-thousand-words → two-thousand-word.

  10. hundreds → hundred.

                                           第八节 介 词

  1. 检查介词有无误用。

  2. 检查句中有无遗漏介词, 特别要注意作定语用的不定式后是否缺少必要的介词。

  3. 检查句中有无多余的介词。

  4. 检查句中介词与动词、 名词、 形容词、 副词等的搭配是否正确。
练 习

  1. You must write your letter with ink.

  2. A man is known to the company he keeps.

  3. The field was dotted the great yellow hats of peasants.

  4. Don’t approach to a work of art in such a spirit.

  5. The boy was absorbed building a dam in the brook.

  6. I was impressed at the zeal which he spoke of the plan.

  7. The gentleman insisted at my receiving the money.

  8. At last we reached to the village at the foot of the hill.

  9. It is known to everyone that butter is made of milk.

  10. The girl is proud of that her family is well descended.
注 释

  1. with → ink, ink用于使用之材料, with用于工具或媒介。

  2. to → by, be known to sb., 为某人所熟悉, 本句是谚语“观其友而知其人”。

  3. dotted → dotted with, be dotted with(点缀着……)。

  4. approach to → approach, approach是及物动词。

  5. absorbed → absorbed in, be absorbed in(专心于……)。

  6. at → with, which → with which, be impressed with(被……所感动), with which起副词作用。

  7. at → on, insist on(坚持)。

  8. reached to → reached, reach是及物动词。

  9.of → from, made from...是指制作过程中发生性质变化, made of是物质质地未变。

  10. proud of that → proud that, that从句前的介词of必须省略。

                                                  第九节 连 词

  1. 并列句中, 检查并列连词的使用是否正确, 有无遗漏并列连词的情况。

  2. 复合句中, 检查从属连词的使用是否正确。

       3. 检查主语从句和同位语从句前的连词是否遗漏。

  4. 检查有无连词之间的误用, 尤其是if和whether之间的误用。

练 习

  1. We become more and more impatient of interruptions when the years go on.

  2. It was not until it began to rain when I noticed his umbrella left in my car.

  3. At the age of six, my father took me to the circus for the first time.

  4. He acted like he had never been in a museum before.

  5. You’ll be permitted to bring a watch so that you may keep track of the time during you are taking the test.

  6. It was not long since they made their appearance.

  7. It was not so much the amount of the money but the money itself that surprised him.

  8. There may not be much choice between this one or that.

  9. We must eat for we may live.

  10. Which do you like better, coffee and black tea?

注 释

  1. when → as,随着。

  2. when → that, It is(was)not until...that是not...until的强调句型。

  3. At the age of six → When I was six years old, At the age of six用于句中是指my father。

  4. like → as if, as if可以引导虚拟语气的结构。

  5. during → while, during是介词, 不可引导从句。

  6. since → before, not long before(不久……就……)。

  7. but → as, not so much...as(与其说……不如说)。

  8. or → and, between...and...(在……与……之间)。

  9. for—that, that(so that, in order that)+may(might)(为了……)表示目的的连接词,而for为表示原因的连接词。

  10. and—or, 表示选择。
                                                第十节 从句与一致关系

一、 名词性从句

  短文改错对名词性从句的考查侧重于连词的选择和从句的时态。

  1. 检查语序是否正确。

  2. 检查连接词是否误用。

  3. 检查是否漏掉了连接词, 尤其是主语从句和同位语从句中的that。

  4. 检查宾语从句与主句的时态呼应是否正确。

  5. 检查主语从句与谓语的数是否一致。

  6. 检查主语从句后置时, 作形式主语的it是否出现。

  7. 检查有无if与whether的误用。

二、 定语从句

  定语从句的改错主要涉及关系代词、 关系副词的运用以及定语从句中的主谓一致问题。

  1. 判断关系代词及关系副词的使用是否正确。

  2. 判断先行词与定语从句的谓语动词的数是否一致。

3. 检查关系代词的格的使用是否正确, 尤其是在关系代词作主语和介词前置时。

  4. 检查有无关系副词与介词重复使用的情况。

  5. 检查有无漏掉作主语的关系代词的情况。

  6. 检查非限制性定语从句的关系代词使用是否正确。

  7. 检查定语从句中除了关系代词或关系副词外, 是否还有多余的代词或副词。

三、 一致关系

  1. 检查主谓在数上是否违背了语法一致的原则。

  2. 检查主谓在数上是否违背了意义一致的原则。

  3. 检查主谓在数上是否违背了邻近原则。

练 习

  1. My roommate lives in a small town in central Missouri, a quiet town which I would like to live myself.

  2. The United States is composed of fifty states; two of those are separated from the others by land or water.

  3. What far is it from here to the station?

  4. They want to know how they can do to help us.


5. —Who’s gotall my money?

   —I do.

  6. You smoke again! Why not to give it up?

  7. These photos will show you how our village looks like.

  8. Someone is at the door. Who is he?

  9. —Those shirts are very expensive.

   —Do you know how they cost?

  10. —Who you think is the richest man in this town?

   —I think Mr. Kim is.
 注 释

  1. which → where, to live → to live in, live是不及物动词。

  2. of those → of which, those不是关系代词, 不可引导定语从句。

  3. What → How, what修饰名词, 而how修饰形容词、 副词, 用于感叹句。

  4. how → what, what作引导词, 同时作they can do中动词do的宾语。

  5. I do → I have.

  6. to give it up → give it up, why not其后接不带to的不定式。

  7. how → what, 从句中looks like中的like是介词, 提问的是like后的宾语。

  8. he → it.

  9. how → how much/what.

  10. who you think → who do you think, do you think是插入语, 去掉插入语,应是陈述语序的疑问句。

第十一节 倒装与省略

  1. 检查是否有该倒装而未倒装的情况。

  2. 检查是否有该省略而未省略的情况。


练 习

  将下列各句改为倒装句, 并强调划线部分的语气。

  1.The defeated army ran away, leaving many wounded soldiers.

  2.We can know the past, but we only feel the future.

  3.The news impressed me so strongly that I could not utter a word for some time.

  4.Our eyes are opened only after we have made a mistake.

  5.I have often heard it said that he is not trustworthy.

  6.His faithful dog sat by his side.

  7.We must in no case imagine that material comfort is the final goal of human happiness.

  8.I never expected that the man would turn up at the meeting.

  9. I found so many happy people nowhere else.

  10. he said good-bye to me and he drove off.

注 释

  1. Away ran the defeated army....


2. ...but the future we only feel.

  3. So strongly did the news impress me that....

  4. Only after we have made a mistake are our eyes opened.

  5. Often have I heard it said....

  6. By his side sat his faithful dog....

  7. In no case must we imagine....

  8. Never did I expect that....

  9. Nowhere else did I find....

  10. He said good-bye to me, and off he drove.


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