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search/search for, in search for/in search of  

2011-11-23 20:01:24|  分类: 英语学习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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       1、search 后加某地    search for 后加某物
   to search somewhere for something (在、、找、、)
      2    search 后加某地 “在某地搜查”    search for 后加某物“寻找某物”

     3、  search 后面是加某地,若search sb就是搜某人的身

而search for sth是直接找sth

4、search sb. 搜身

search for sb. 寻找某人

5、search+sb/sth意思是搜寻或检查某人或某物,强调的是搜寻的过程.例如:He searched every room in the house.

他搜查了这房子的每一个房间.

Police searched everyone present at the scene of crime.

警察搜查了在犯罪现场的每一个人。

search for+sb/sth意思是搜寻以找到某人或某物,目的在于找到某人或某物

例如:They made a long search for the lost child.

他们花很长时间寻找失踪的孩子。

He searched for work at the various stores.

他在各家商店寻找工作。

6、作名词时,search 后用of 还是 for,区别很大,要特别注意:   in search of 为复杂介词(complex prepositions---Quirk 等人语,见 A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language 9.11, p.670。类似的复杂介词还有:in charge of, in case of, in front of, in favour of, in need of, in place of, in spite of 等), in search of = looking for。如:           

 ** The last few years of his life were spent in travelling from place to place in search of health.(English Prepositional Idioms p.466---以下简称 EPI )

 ** go in search of a missing child  (ALDCE 牛津双解 p.975---以下简称 ALD)** birds flying south in search of winter sun  (LDCE 朗曼当代英语词典 p.1003---以下简称LDCE)

 如果search 不构成复杂介词(in search of), 而作动词或介词宾语或在句中作主语、表语等成份时,它是一个名副其实的名词。此时,search后要跟for,而且search前一般要有限定词(如:a / the / one"s 等)。请看:

make  search  for contraband    (ALD p.975)      

The police at once began  a search  for a criminal.(《英语搭配大词典》p.154)

A search (for the thief) was instituted, but he could not be found anywhere. (同上)

set out  on a long search for something; (but  in  search of  ) (EPI p.466)

 

上例中on a long search for 为介词短语,表示实施的行动计划(project),而in search of 则表示目的(purpose)。再如:

 ...and (Pierre Curie) joined her in  her search  for this unknown radiation.(Senior Book III  p.2)

句中join...in 是固定搭配,表示"与某人一起做某事"(=take part together with sb.in sth. such as an activity,or in doing sth.  见原高三英语《教参》〔上〕p.9)。这一例句跟文首的例句一样,search 都是作介词 in 的宾语,从而构成介词短语。《综合英语成语词典》(p.870) search 条下这样写道:in search of (亦作 in one"s search for)。

 

根据上述例证我们可以看出,当search 构成名词词组在句中作介词或动词的宾语或在句中用作主语、表语等其它成份时,其前一般要加限定词(如:a / the /one"s) ,其后要跟for ;当search 构成复杂介词( in search of) 时,为固定词组,其前不要任何限定词。因此,我们可以肯定地说,in ... search for不等于 in search of, 不能混为一谈; 文首的例中最好改成He joined us in  our /  the search for a new way of increasing production.                                          ··另外,search用作动词时,也可与for 连用,但不能与 of 连用。请看:

 I.用作及物动词与for搭配时,意为"to look at,through,into,etc.,or examine (a place/sb.) carefully and thoroughly to try to find something:",即:"搜寻某地或某人以找到某东西"。e.g.:

searched the woods for the lost child /searched her Bible for a  word of comfort (LDCE  p.1002。)

The police searched the thief but found no weapon on him.(LDCE,p.1003)

search all one"s drawers for missing papers (ALD p.975.)

 

II.用作不及物动词,常与for搭配(= look for),也可与,out,through,after等连用,表示其他意思。试比较:        

1.search for: search in an attempt to find sth. ; look for  找到,寻找;e.g.: search for a missing article / search for someone who is lost (EPI  p.466. )scientists searching for a cure to the common cold  (LDCEp.1003) 

2.search out: to find (sb./sth.)by looking hard  努力找到  e.g.:How can we search out the right man for the job? (Longman Dictionary of Phrasal Verbs,p.539 简称LDPV)

It took me several weeks to search out the books that I wanted. (LDPV p.540)                                          

3.search through: to look in (a space) or among (things) trying to find sth./ sb.从一范围中或一群中找出

Police with dogs are searching through the woods for the missing child. (LDPV p.540)

We"ve searched through the records,but there is no sign of the information that you requested. (LDPV p.540)             

4.search after:to try to gain (sth. that one desires such as a quality),as by inner enquiry 追求,寻求 (后常接抽象名词)  e.g.:

Many people spend years searching after peace of mind,often with little success. (LDPV p.539)

spent his life searching after fame  (LDCE p.1003)


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